Did you know that approximately 300 million people worldwide have viral hepatitis without even knowing it? What’s worse is that millions of people go through their lives every day without experiencing any symptoms; They’re hepatitis can stay ‘undercover’ for years, if not more!

While many hepatitis patients can lead long and healthy lives, there are still cases of the illness out there that can cause life-threatening problems. Specific life-threatening problems generally affect the liver drastically, in turn, targeting and diminishing the body’s ability to digest food properly and filter out harmful toxins. This is why detecting hepatitis and treating hepatitis is vital to keeping up a good, healthy life.

So, let’s get right into everything you need to know about hepatitis.

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is a disease that targets and affects the liver. The most common types of hepatitis are types A, B, C, D, and E.

What you need to know and understand is that every form of hepatitis is completely different. They all affect people in drastically different ways. For some, the disease may go away on its own. For others, the disease may become chronic and last for a long time, in turn requiring medication to cure the person.

Prevention and treatment are different for each type. Let’s take a look at each type right now.

Hepatitis A

This type of hepatitis is the only one that cannot turn chronic and it’s transmitted through food and/or water that is contaminated by the virus. Typically, the virus gets into food and water through another person’s poop. Allow me to explain this a little bit further. If a person goes to the bathroom and doesn’t wash their hands afterward, the virus can then be spread.

Hepatitis A can also be transmitted by other means, too. For example, sexual intercourse and intravenous drug usage can pass the virus along.

Though hepatitis A is rarely found in the United States, we should still try to look out for it. You can do this early on in life by getting vaccinated when you’re a baby through your doctor’s office.

If you want to be more aware of this type of virus, watch out for symptoms like fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and dark urine. Hepatitis A only lasts a few weeks and it goes away on its own. If you’d like to have a speedy recovery, make sure you rest up, eat healthily, and drink a lot of fluids.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B generally clears up in adults within a few months. However, children under the age of 5 typically cannot get rid of the virus. Their bodies are too weak and unable to fend off the virus, therefore chronically infecting the child.

Hepatitis B can only be spread through bodily fluids such as blood and semen. Generally, the two main ways to get this type of hepatitis is by having unprotected sex or by sharing intravenous needles. Typically, babies contract the virus from their mothers if their mothers are infected.

As of today, over one million people in the United States have this strain of the virus in their bodies. Vaccines are available and they are given to newborns almost immediately after birth.

If you want to be more aware of this type of virus, watch out for symptoms like fever, fatigue, dark urine, jaundice, joint pain, and loss of appetite. Usually, people who have acute hepatitis B have these symptoms. On the other hand, those that have the chronic form tend to not experience any symptoms until later on in life, when they develop severe liver issues. At that point, symptoms such as jaundice and a swollen abdomen occur. There are antiviral medications for those that acquire the chronic version of the disease.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is spread through the blood and those that acquire the disease typically develop the chronic version of it. This version is primarily transmitted through intravenous needles, which makes it more common in heroin and opioid addicts. And, unfortunately, according to the CDC, there are somewhere between 2.5 and 4 million people in the United States with the disease.

There is no vaccine on the market for hepatitis C. However, it can be prevented by using a condom during sex, by making sure your tattoo artist uses a clean needle, and by not sharing needles when using drugs.

Unfortunately, people who have the disease will not experience symptoms. If you happen to have the acute version, you may experience a little bit of joint pain or fatigue. On the other hand, if you happen to have the chronic version, you probably won’t experience symptoms until the disease has seriously progressed. At that point, symptoms such as dark bruises and severe liver damage may arise. As for treatment, antiviral medications are the only thing that can help acute and chronic hepatitis C forms.

Hepatitis D

The only way people can be infected with hepatitis D is if they’ve been infected with hepatitis B. This can happen in one of two ways:

  1. Both types can be contracted at the same time through blood or bodily fluids
  2. A person can have hepatitis B first and then be infected with hepatitis D later on

Just like other types of the virus, hepatitis D can be either acute or chronic.

Though hepatitis D is less common than other forms, the CDC still recommends that we look out for symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, and dark urine. Symptoms typically don’t show up until liver damage has already ensued, and the only way to avoid getting this form is by getting the hepatitis B vaccine at a young age.

The only treatment is through a medication known as interferons. Interferons boost the person’s immune system, but they do not help cure the patient.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is generally contracted in developing nations, where people drink contaminated water. There is no prevention for this type and there are minimal symptoms.


By Jenny Lyn

If you’re a man over twenty-five, you might want to find an exercise you can keep up with as you get older. Let’s just say it’s easy as riding a bike.

Question: Why cycling?

Answer: Cycling is a non-impact sport. If you’re recovering from an injury or have joint or bone problems such as arthritis, non-impact exercises are perfect. These types of exercises do not involve running, which is very strenuous on the joints.

Because of its easiness on the joints, cycling is ideal for an older crowd. Cycling also involves sitting, which already can take some of the stress off your back and legs. These reasons prove why there are cyclists who are well into their senior years.

Question: What are the physical benefits of cycling?

Answer: While cycling and running are two different exercises, cycling can deliver the same physical benefits of running. It strengthens your lower body, specifically targeting your quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, and glutes. These muscles contract when you pedal. If you want to work on your lower body, cycling is a prime option.

Additionally, cycling greatly improves your cardiovascular health. Benefits of cardiovascular exercise include weight loss, stronger heart and lungs, decreased chance of heart disease and some types of cancer, and better sleep. Cycling helps get your heart pumping because you’re putting the largest muscles in your body at work. Finally, cycling can improve your endurance and speed, especially if you are riding long-distance.

Question: What are the mental benefits of cycling?

Answer: Not only will you reap physical benefits from cycling, but there are several ways cycling boosts your mental health. Any exercise releases endorphins, which trigger positive feelings. There has also been some research that suggests exercising regularly can help with stress, anxiety, and depression.

An obvious but overlooked perk to cycling is connecting with nature. Riding a bicycle offers a sense of freedom to explore the great outdoors. While pedaling by, you can look at beautiful trees and valleys while smelling the crisp, fresh air. There are also international biking tours, where you can ride to famous landmarks.

Cycling can increase confidence as well. Once you get the hang of it, you will start feeling more confident in your physical and mental capability. Setting small goals for yourself, even as small as biking around the block once, can promote confidence and a positive outlook once you accomplish them.

Question: I’ve heard cycling causes damage to the male sex organs. Is this true?

Answer: Scientists have tried to make a connection between cycling with a few men’s health problems, such as erectile dysfunction. However, new research suggests cycling causes absolutely no damage to the sexual or urinary functions of men. This new research used a larger sample size to get more accurate and factual results.

These past studies that suggest pressure from saddles can compromise blood flow or cause minor injuries (that could lead to more serious injuries) were not sufficient enough. The new study confirms that cycling only poses a small risk to men’s sexual and urological functions the risk to the sexual and urological function of male cyclists. According to one researcher, the cardiovascular benefits of cycling supports and may even improve sexual performance rather than hurt it.

Question: From races like Tour De France, isn’t cycling difficult, or only for those who compete?

Answer: Cycling isn’t only for the professionals. When watching such long and competitive races on television, it’s understandable to perceive cycling as a difficult sport. However those people train for months, even years, before embarking on a 2,200 mile ride. In reality, anybody can take up cycling as long as he or she has a bike and a desire to commit.

Like any sport, there are varying levels of difficulty. You can ride recreationally before working your way up to riding in long-distance races, if that’s what you wish. Once you get comfortable with riding on a flat road, you can challenge yourself by choosing a route with more hills, or even trying mountain biking.

Question: Great, cycling seems like my type of gig! How do I get started?

Answer: To begin your cycling journey, you should first visit a good bike shop near you. The workers can help select the right type of bicycle and make sure it fits you properly. An improper fit can cause discomfort and future injuries. Don’t shy away from asking any questions you have, such as how to take care of your bike, necessary equipment, etc.

Safety is the most important element of cycling. Helmets aren’t just for children. Always wear a helmet and other protective gear, such as elbow and knee pads, when riding. If you go out at night, wear bright colors or a reflective vest so cars can easily see you in the darkness. Another precaution to take during the evening is by installing a light between your handlebars or on your wheels.

Second, look for trails nearby. When you’re driving to work or walking your dog, keep your eyes peeled for any scenic routes. Official trails will have a sign and a map designating the path as a safe and public bike or walking trail. If you’re creating your own path, make sure it is safe, and is clear of any obstacles in the middle of the road.

Finding bike clubs to join may make you more motivated to ride. Any activity is easier and more fun with others. Soon enough, your fellow riders can become good friends. You can also enter races or rides for charity together as a team. Ways to find a bike club near you is to go online or ask around at the local bike shop, gym, or recreation center.

While any form of exercise comes with benefits, cycling is ideal for men over twenty-five. It is a sport you can practice at age thirty, sixty, and beyond. Whether you decide to cycle for fun or enter races, you will feel better about yourself physically and mentally. So strap on your helmet and go hit the trails!

Science has told us repeatedly that we do things, or eat/drink things, that make us hungrier. Do we ever listen? No. Why don’t we ever listen? We’re stubborn. Will we ever listen? Maybe after reading this article. Okay, I think you get the question/answer game by now.

Seriously, though. We need to start listening and understanding these things (for lack of a better, casual term). We need to put up our metaphorical fists of hunger and fight the urge to eat all the time. In order to do that, we must know how to stop it.

And I know you know what I’m here to do: Help you out! Follow my advice and you won’t be getting hungry for a snack every so often.

Stop drinking so much soda.

Ever heard of high-fructose corn syrup? Well, this lovely (or not-so-lovely, however you look at it) product is in drinks like soda, iced teas, and other beverages that are filled with sweetie goodness. Don’t underestimate this syrup though, as it can drastically lower your ability to have a full tummy (yes, I said tummy).

Anyways, consuming such syrup with high levels of fructose in it actually blocks our brains ability to respond to a hormone known as leptin. Leptin, also known as the hormone that tells us when we’re full, is therefore lessened in the body, creating a reverse affect; We aren’t full any longer when we consume the syrupy product!

Put that soda down; If you really like the carbonated beverage, grab yourself a seltzer water.

Stop eating foods that come out of a can.

A lot of food that comes out of a can generally contains the chemical known as bisphenol-A, or BPA. According to the FDA, consuming low levels of BPA is safe, but consuming high levels of BPA is not so safe; Therefore, exit canned foods, enter healthier foods.

In addition to soda and other sweetened beverages, canned foods also decrease the levels of leptin in your body. In other words, eating food that comes out of a can once again create a reverse affect, allowing you to be hungrier more often.

To put it in the simplest terms I can, I’ll just tell you to stop eating canned goods. Why? Because they’ll make you crave more and in turn promote weight gain.

Start eating a bigger breakfast.

Saying breakfast is the most important meal of the day is not a cliché, it’s actually the truth. And I can assure you that drinking one cup of coffee for your breakfast won’t do the trick.

Recent studies have actually shown that the less calories you eat in the morning, the hungrier you’ll be throughout the day. In fact, the study went as far as to say that those who ate meals worth 250 calories for breakfast gained almost double the amount of weight versus those that ate 500 calories for breakfast.

To scientifically back these results up, medical professionals claimed that eating a bigger breakfast actually stops your blood sugar from rising throughout the day, meaning you have less hunger cravings throughout the day.

Want a tip? Add some meat to your breakfast and you’ll be better off.

Eat more salad (if you eat salad).

Leafy greens that are often found in salads are high in the vitamin K. And, vitamin K helps regulate insulin, which in turn helps regulate cravings.

Want another tip? Eat approximately one cup of kale or spinach per day and you’ll be on your way to eating the right amount of salad to settle those cravings.

Drink more tea.

According to another medical study, tea helps out with hunger cravings. As a matter of fact, drinking one cup of black tea right after consuming a meal high in carbohydrates can actually decrease your blood sugar levels by approximately 10 percent. This means your tummy stays full for a longer period of time.

Drink more water.

Being dehydrated fuels your need for food, which obviously fuels your need for cravings. Allow me to explain to you in scientific terms: When you’re dehydrated, your hypothalamus, located in your brain, sends a signal to your body. Your hypothalamus is the center of control for your hunger and thirst levels, which in turn makes this whole process a tad confusing. Allow me to explain further.

The hypothalamus sends you mixed signals when you’re dehydrated. This, in turn, allows you to think that you’re really hungry, when you’re really not.

So, if you’re still hungry even though you just ate a really big meal, grab a glass of water. I’m pretty sure your craving will fade away in a few minutes.

You may be bored.

Believe it or not, being bored can seriously encourage your cravings, and can seriously lead to major weight gain. In fact, many people overeat when they’re bored.

Want yet another tip? Picture a nice, juicy steak right in front of you. If you really, really want that steak, go order it. If you don’t, you probably just need a distraction.

Stop drinking alcohol so much.

Everyone obviously knows that alcohol can really contribute to weight gain. However, alcohol does some other not-so-good things, too. For instance, alcohol feeds you calories while also feeding you no nutritional value. In addition, it can also convince you that you’re hungry, when in reality, you really aren’t.

Try not to stress out as much.

Stress eating is real, and it’s serious. Chances are, if you were really stressed out at work today, you’re probably going to go home and eat a lot. For example, when you’re stressed out, your brain is automatically triggered to release the hormone cortisol. Once that’s released, your body will start to crave delicious, sugary treats. It may even tempt you to go hand first into a bag of salty, crispy potato chips.

Tip? Try to reduce your anxiety and always carry healthy snacks on you instead of sugary or salty ones.

I hope you liked my advice as always!


By Jenny Lyn

        The computer programming field used to be female-dominated. From the ENIAC, the first digital computer to NASA to the first operating system, programmers were female. Grace Hopper said in the 1967 issue of Cosmopolitan that, “Women are ‘naturals’ at computer programming.”

        But, this fact was not realized. In the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s programming was not a glamorous position or paid well. Though it was just as demanding, intensive, and complex as it is now, actually more so, considering they were using languages like Assembly and COBOL, programming was a menial job relegated to women. Considered to be a clerical job, the real prestige and high pay were reserved for those who were allowed to build the hardware, i.e. the men, rather than for those who would build the software that ran on the computer. In the United Kingdom and the U.S., women were essentially banned from building hardware while the Soviet Union recognized women’s skills and employed them to construct the first computer in 1951. This digital behemoth was a great feat of many brilliant minds.

        With women dominating the field, programming was presumed to be nothing but a plug-and-play field where the plans were already drawn up and just needed a feminine touch to execute them. Systemic sexism led to the downplaying of women’s skills and their immense contribution to the computing world.


        But, this all changed in the late 1960’s when men entered the field. After skipping over this field, this “women’s work”, men realized just how much complexity was needed to program a computer. The sheer levels of highly complex analysis, testing, planning, research and debugging were now promising career options. Though the core of programming stayed the same, this influx of men transformed the field of computer programming into a prestigious, male-dominated, career path that was highly sought after. And with this prestige programming became a highly paid field that few women would be a part of. Rather than a clerical position, it became a field that needed high levels of mathematical ability. So, now, as of 2013, just a quarter of the computer programming field is female. Just a quarter. The tables have turned and most girls and women feel they don’t have “the brain” for programming. It is regarded as a field that needs systematic male brains. This limits the field because it has removed the inventors of computer programming.

        Though this article will focus on the field of computer programming, other fields have also swapped genders. The enduring pattern? When a field becomes male-dominated it gains prestige and a higher salary, but when it becomes female-dominated the prestige and salary lower.

        This is due to the devaluation of women and their contributions to society, at all levels of occupation, in most areas of the world.



At this time in history, 2018, computer programmers have a very distinctive look. Male, young, hoodies, highly paid, antisocial. But, where did this representation come from?

female programmer working while colleagues look onWhen Grace Hopper was interviewed by Cosmopolitan in 1967, the computer programming field was already leaning towards male domination. The 1950s and 1960s were filled with aptitude tests and personality profiles to help the selection process of job candidates. These tests greatly pushed the shift of the programming field from female to male domination. Most hiring managers believed these tests to be objective, but, in truth, they targeted certain stereotypical characteristics rather than the applicant’s suitability for the job. These characteristics were male-oriented so women did not fit the profile.

In addition, tests like the IBM PAT focused on mathematical ability, though leaders in the industry said these skills weren’t needed to succeed in modern programming. To back up their claims, a paper published in 1957 and presented at a computing conference stated that scores on these tests had no correlation with performance reviews given. Many of these math aptitude tests needed little nuance or problem-solving ability within a certain context. As men were more likely to have learned these skills in school, they had an advantage, because women were already being guided away from STEM careers. This discrepancy in the scores was used as evidence that women couldn’t be programmers because they didn’t have the mathematical ability, rather than the recognition that they were being directed away from highly technical fields.

Personality profiles began to overtake the field of computer programming. They assessed soft skills. The crux? These skills were skewed toward the male profile.

Two psychologists highlighted the standard look and personality of computer programmers, noting that many who programmed computers possessed the “striking characteristic” of “their interest in people”. With this, companies began hiring antisocial people who were strong in mathematics. As women are strictly socialized to be warm, empathetic, social, and were being driven away from STEM fields, they met none of the criteria that were needed for these profiles and so the field became dominated by antisocial men who loved math.

Mentioned before, but this shift in genders boasted immense increases in both pay and prestige. This pattern is common is most fields, which will be noted below.



In the early 1800s, teaching was a male-dominated field. It was highly respected and well-paid. Men were expected to impart wisdom, knowledge, and discipline in their students.

gender pay gap coins stacked together with gender symbolsAs the middle of the century came, a high demand for teachers was needed, so women were taken from their dormant labor environment and employed as teachers. Women, unlike men, weren’t expected to impart wisdom, knowledge, and discipline, they were expected to shape their students’ moral development. They were not meant to be an authority or disciplinary figure, but a mother.

This prompted a shift of prestige in the field: less prestige and less pay.

Many thought, due to the emphasis on nurturing, that teaching was not a true career but an altruistic vocation, so required little wages. At least for women. Indeed, women were doing it out of the kindness of their hearts. To emphasize this, hiring female teachers became an excellent benefit to taxpayers as they could save more. This was evidenced by the bargains taxpayers received. In 1905, male teachers received double the pay of their female counterparts. Double!

By the 1900s, teaching had become female-dominated and poorly paid. Though, this did not extend to leadership roles. These positions were male-dominated and highly paid. Currently, 76 percent of teachers are women and they take home modest to low pay and little to no respect. It is, indeed, fascinating that teaching the future is considered to be a menial and effortless job.


        In conclusion, the gender gap has a long history that is continuously supported by a significant inverse relationship between gender segregation and equal pay. The larger the concentrations of one gender in a field, the larger the differences in men’s and women’s pay. This gap widens even further in higher-paid jobs. For instance, female doctors and surgeons make just 71 percent of what their male colleagues make. Though the work may be the same, the determination of prestige and pay is, in most cases, based on which gender dominates the field.


No matter where you begin in life or your educational background most people would like a job that is high-paying. With a good education, getting a high-paying job is easier as you have the degree to go along with our skills, but even if you don’t have a degree, getting a high-paying job is more than possible if you have the experience and skills to do the job. Not only does a high-paying job cover your basic skills but it gives you extra funds to live in comfort, save for retirement, and enjoy recreational activities like cars and vacations. Here are some benefits and downfalls that are associated with landing that amazing high-paying job.



High-paying jobs have great salaries which gather people from all walks of life. For those with a high degree of education, this may make the loans, stress, and sheer effort of pursuing those years of study. They can then pay off their loans and fully utilize their degree. For those who did not go to college, they can now support their families and ensure the utmost comfort. If they are immigrants, they can send large amounts of money back to their country to support their family.


High-paying jobs come with an impressive title. Doctor, engineer, CEO, and lawyer are highly specialized fields that demand respect as soon as the person mentions their job. These positions are jobs that require many years of study and most people associate them with smart people who have high degrees of dedication. This gives the person respect from their family, friends, and others who know of them.


doctor with hundred dollar bills in pocket has high paying jobMost high-paying jobs require a high degree of skill so there is high job security once skills are mastered. Doctors, lawyers, CEOs, and engineers will always be needed and many people do not have these skills, so companies pay higher for top talent. This lack of other candidates boosts the respect, prestige, and salary of the select few who hold these credentials. Some high-paying jobs, for instance, in the tech industry, do not always require a degree if the person has the experience, skills, and passion to learn new technologies. For instance, some programmers have no degree but are masters of their craft and have a true love for programming. They can also make excellent salaries especially in tech metropolises like Silicon Valley, Seattle, and other cities.


High-paying jobs often challenge the mind of the person who has the job. After years of intense study and hard work, getting a high salary can be very satisfying. The person can fulfill any other dreams and responsibilities, which will increase internal happiness and those who depend on the person.


With a high-paying job, men and women can contribute more to the economy. As the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rises, this allows a higher standard of living for the country’s citizens.


After basic needs like food, shelter, and clothing are met, then health care and education is needed. With a higher salary, you can get good health care and education that will prevent diseases and other ailments and increase your and your family’s quality of life should they get sick. In addition, life insurance and burial plots can all be taken care of when more money is had.


High-paying jobs know they are working with those who are highly skilled, so the employees get an excellent working environment, which will prompt them to give their best. The job provides many opportunities for the employee to learn and develop new skill and knowledge areas.



After spending many years in school, studying, starting the career begins late. Over time, this leads to less earning potential even though the salary is higher.


office executive working long hours until nightAs the company has invested large sums of money in a highly paid employee, they expect to maximize that person’s potential so they can get an excellent return on their investment. Many assignments are so large they practically require the employee to work outside of working hours, thereby forcing the employee to work long hours. Sometimes, there are no defined work hours which opens the employee up to being overworked.


As the pay increases, pressure and expectation rise. You will be expected to comply with all needed directions and tasks or else. These jobs may involve strict deadlines, assignments, and high stress. This stress may spill over into other areas.


High-paying jobs offer high-end equipment that includes laptops, phones, and tablets. Rather than being gifts for doing the job, these are often used to consume the time of employee’s outside life. With these devices constantly connected to the company’s network, the mind and effort of employees are tied to the job as deadlines loom and projects increase, so they get little downtime. This keeps the employee under intense pressure even when out of the office.

This gets in the way of familial relationships as work bleeds into the outside life and turns the human into a machine. Missed graduations, weddings, and other events stack up as the person remains glued to their work. This leads to great disharmony in the family and a lack of peace. The person has traded their life for money.


There is intense stress related to high-paying jobs, especially those of surgeons and air traffic controllers, as there is zero margin for error. There are, literally, lives at stake. These jobs may lead to physical and mental illnesses that can incapacitate the employee.

While high-paying jobs have excellent salaries, they also have negatives associated with them. It’s important to factor in the whole picture when accepting a high-paying job. The salary, prestige, and challenge is important but so is your health and familial well-being.

Many men experience male pattern baldness when they get older and it is usually permanent, even if you take supplements that supposedly slow down the hair loss process. You can recognize the symptoms of male pattern baldness when your hair gets thinner and your hairline starts to recede. Male pattern baldness is usually hereditary and you cannot truly avoid it, but sometimes, you can start to lose your hair for reasons that has nothing to do with aging. Certain changes in your body can cause you to lose hair and you may sometimes even be able to prevent it or even reverse it.


It may be not surprise you that emotional stress can cause hair loss. People who are stressed find that they shed a lot more than they should. You might find hair in the shower drain, on your pillow, and clinging to your clothes. No one fully knows why stress results in hair loss, but it is hypothesized that hormones that are released during stressful situations can throw off your hair cycle. Normally your hair grows and then later shed. When it sheds faster than it grows, you can end up noticing signs of hair loss.

stressed man pulling at his hair and screamingEmotional stress is not the only type of stress that can cause hair loss. Physical stress can cause you to lose hair as well. If you got surgery or if you are recovering from an illness, your hair cycle can also be negatively impacted. You will notice that your hair often comes out very easily and all areas of your scalp will be impacted. It usually reverses on its own after a couple of months.

Vitamin A

Vitamin hair is important for maintaining healthy hair because it is plays a big role in keeping your scalp moist and strong. It enables you to shed hair that is unhealthy or too thin. Therefore, vitamin A is often actually in various hair supplements. However, with too much vitamin A, you will start to shed too much hair. If you are mixing vitamin A supplements with other hair health supplements like selenium or vitamin E, then the negative effects on your hair might be more pronounced. Once you lower your intake of vitamin A and other hair health supplements, your hair should start to grow back.

Protein Deficiency

If you do not have enough protein in your diet, then your body must shut down certain processes that require use of protein. Your body cannot shut down your ability to move and think, so it might shut down your ability to grow hair. Eventually, more crucial processes with shut down as well, so you should start finding more protein sources if you notice that you are losing your hair. Additionally, many protein sources often come with vitamin B12. If your diet excludes these protein sources, then you will be both B12 and protein deficient. Vitamin B12 is also important for hair growth, so vitamin B12 deficiency can exacerbate hair loss caused by protein deficiency.

Iron Deficiency

Iron increases the carrying capacity of your blood so that you are able to bring more oxygen into your body. Without iron, you will not have enough oxygen and you might end up deficient in some other nutrients as well. Normally, your extra oxygen can be used to thicken your hair. When you are iron deficient, you will have to save this oxygen for cellular respiration and metabolism. Therefore, if you are deficient in iron, then you might notice that your hair is getting thinner. Make sure you are getting enough iron in your diet. If you are vegan, vegetarian, or anemic, then you might want to consider talking to your doctor about trying out iron supplements. Vegans and vegetarians also have to be very careful about protein and B12 deficiency.


Your thyroid gland releases hormones that are responsible for many processes that occur in your body. Many of these hormones are good for hair growth. Hypothyroidism is a condition that causes your thyroid to underperform. Without your thyroid producing the right type of hormones, you might start to lose some of your hair. It may also affect body hair. Hyperthyroidism can also cause you to lose hair. Hyperthyroidism is a condition where your thyroid is overactive. It may seem counterintuitive, but studies show that too many hair growth hormones can actually result in hair loss. You will need medication to treat any problems with your thyroid gland. After a while of taking the medication, you should see improvement.

Fungal Infection

man scratching arm with fungal infectionA couple of fungal infections can actually lead to some hair loss. One common culprit is athlete’s foot or ringworm, which is a type of fungus that usually causes a circular bald spot to appear on your head. Other similar fungal infections can have the same effect. Sometimes, a fungus will cause skin conditions that can make your scalp inflamed. An inflamed scalp is also sometimes responsible for temporary hair loss. You should also be careful of any skin condition that can make your hair flaky and oily. Luckily, while many fungal infections are very contagious, they are also easy to treat with antifungal medication. Certain shampoos can also help if you are dealing with an unhealthy scalp.

Weight Loss

Weight loss usually will not do anything to your hair. However, if you rapidly start to lose dramatic amounts of weight, then you might start to see some hair loss. This type of weight loss can cause physical stress, which is one way of negatively impacting your hair cycle. Weight loss is also often associated with diseases or nutrient deficiencies that can cause you to lose some hair. People with eating disorders are especially susceptible to this type of hair loss.

Usually, hair loss is part of the natural process of aging and it is nothing to be worried about. However, sometimes, hair loss can be associated with more serious health concerns. If you do not think that male pattern baldness is causing your hair loss, then you can talk to a doctor. You can always consult with a dermatologist about trying to prevent or manage your hair loss.


Health is a broad, far reaching, and because of that, strange topic, with many caveats and subsections that, when explored, make you realize things about this ultra-complex mechanism known as the human body you may never have realized otherwise. These things may not necessarily affect you in any way before or after knowing them, but still help you to understand and appreciate your body and your health more because you now know them. If you are a man over 25, you may think you know everything there is to know about your body. Well this article seeks to prove you wrong on that. The following are 6 miscellaneous facts about the human body you definitely didn’t know before reading this. There are more than enough facts out there, so this list doesn’t cover everything, but these 6 are almost guaranteed to be a surprise to you.

#1. “Old person smell” is real

Believe it or not, that smell everyone smells when they’re around a senior citizen is not your sense playing tricks on you. A recent study has found that people have a certain “smell” when they’re at certain stages of their lives. Older people, for example, have a milder, more pleasant scent than a middle aged person, and certainly more so than a younger man. These natural smells are then influenced, of course, by the particular person’s hygiene, daily life and environment etc. leading to the eponymous smell. Which is why, though you know old people smell when you smell it, it never smells the same from person to person.

#2. You physically cannot poop at night

man having difficulty pooping at nightUnless you have a physical condition making you have to evacuate your bowels in the middle of the night, under normal conditions, it is almost physically impossible to poop in the middle of the night. You can urinate, for sure, because there’s only so far your kidneys can stretch before evacuation must occur.

The human body can go about 6-8 hours sleeping before it has to go, which is why one of the first things we do in the morning is take a leak. However, excrement is pushed out via a highly sophisticated system of neurons in your gut that controls the contractions of your colon. And this system is heavily influenced by your body’s circadian rhythm, your “internal clock” that wakes you up in the morning and makes you sleepy at night. So, since your brain is telling your body to sleep at night, it thus tells the colon to hold it in for another 6-8 hours. Thus, if you try to poop at night, you’re going to have a bit of trouble.

#3. Fingerprints actually weaken our grip

It was widely believed up until a few years ago that fingerprints improve our grip on objects. However, recent studies have shown that may not be the case at all. After all, if it were true, then utterly flat surfaces like plexiglass would be simple to hold onto, when in reality it is not. In fact, if anything, the ridges formed by our fingerprints may actually weaken our rip because they reduce the contact area of the skin. Instead, fingerprints are theorized to help our fingers wick water off of our fingertips or help the skin on the fingers stretch when under intense stress, protecting it from damage.

#4. The growling in your stomach is your stomach begging for food

We’ve all been there, you’re in public, likely in some super important meeting or class that got you out of the house before you could any type of substantial breakfast. And sure enough, your stomach starts growling. All eyes turn, somehow knowing exactly who it was. You’re probably wondering what that is. Well, it turns out that yes, it is your stomach literally begging you to feed it. When your stomach “growls”, that means the digestive juices are churning around as the stomach muscles contract. This is the action taken by a stomach that needs food, and is thus preparing itself for food, getting the digestive juices flowing around for maximum effect and making sure the stomach muscles are ready to process the food that eventually comes. The solution to this is simple, eat smaller meals more often throughout the day.

#5. Your pits stink because of bacteria

man smelling his armpits with bad odorWe all sweat, all over our bodies in fact. So what is it about the sweat in our armpits that makes it so stinky? Sweat isn’t exactly the best smelling thing in the world, granted, but there’s something so uniquely disgusting about pit stink that is all its own. The answer is astoundingly simple: bacteria. The human body has two types of sweat glands. The glands on your arms, legs, and most other places release what’s essentially saltwater. The sweat in your armpits and groin, on the other hand, is made of a more oily substance, which the bacteria in those areas consume. The stink is released by the bacteria as they consume the oil.

#6. Osteoarthritis can predict bad weather

It’s not an exact science, but in 2007, a research team working at Tufts University ran a test where they measured the fall of temperature and how it related with osteoarthritic knee pain. They found that, for every ten degrees dropped, the pain increased by a small margin. Small, but noticeable. When a bad storm is approaching an area, the atmospheric pressure in that area drops, which causes body tissue to expand. Which, if you have pain in your joints, can cause serious swelling and pain. Not to say this makes the arthritic masters of predicting weather, but if you have arthritis, and you notice a sudden spike in pain for no discernable reason, it’s probably time to get inside.

Men and women handle babies differently, even if they are both very adept at handling children. In many children’s lives a father’s presence is the exception and not the rule, but how does this affect the children? For that matter, how does it affect the father?


Here are some ways a father affects children’s development and vice versa.



Though a child’s father may not be in the home or not present at all, this doesn’t mean the child will live their life without a father. When a child is able to understand that children have a mother and a father, this child starts to look for a paternal figure. These children either make up a father or adopt one that is to their liking. They may not use the term “Daddy”, but this man has a big influence on their life, nonetheless. If a child has had no masculine influence, they may seek out a paternal figure for the rest of their lives.

Children’s foundation and perspective on the world are shaped when they are very young and a father plays a vital role in this picture. His presence or lack thereof contributes to the survival and well-being of the child. For a child, the father need not be the biological father, but the child will assign an “emotional father”. this is the most important bond that will shape the future of the child.

The differences in the mother and father relationship ensure that mothers do not “father” a child and fathers do not “mother” a child. There are intrinsic differences in the handling and nurturing of children.

Read on to see the profound contributions a father has on a child and how much a child can affect a father.


The bond between a child and its father is very strong, even before birth. This change occurs both in the psychological and physical realms. Throughout many cultures, men are intensely invested in the pregnancy and delivery process and may experience physiological changes such as aches and pains in the mouth and abdomen, weight gain, and food craving. For instance, in the Yucatan peninsula, a woman’s pregnancy is undeniable when her spouse craves carbohydrate-rich foods. Often, men may feel immense anxiety about their abilities to provide and protect their child and spouse. Not only in their waking life but in their dreams.

dad who takes Progentra with his infant child resting on his chestA nearly unmatched effect on the transition from “male” to “father” is witnessing the birth of his own child. This helps the father, especially if he is a new father, attach to his baby in a unique way and create his own feelings. A study, conducted by Greenberg, showed that being present for your baby’s birth increased men’s ability to describe their babies temperament, mood, and personality at 3 and 6 months. He named this period of time “engrossment”. this was characterized by men’s desire to hold, touch, and look at their newborn for hours. Most men were surprised by this intense connection with their child.

After birth, this bond can be disrupted, unintentionally. Society, in an effort to boost the uninterrupted bond between mother and baby, may cut the connection with the father. Fathers are often told or hinted that they should give the mother and newborn space to bond. Often, this can last for three months and over this time the father can miss many opportunities to nurture that close bond he has for his child.

According to Zaslow, two-thirds of first-time father feel some depression during this time. The feel inadequate, like they lack control, and pushed to the side. This study showed that the greatest treatment for this unpleasant state was more contact with the infant.

Often, the vulnerability of parenthood and all its associated concerns is understood from the mother’s point of view, but not the father’s. when her baby responds to her and she is able to practice her new skills, she receives the relief from her feeling of anxiety of being a new mother. This same feeling of anxiety and need for relief of parental inadequacy is present in the father.

Unlike the mother, many fathers haven’t had prior experience caregiving, but for the mother, she is tasked with the unending pressure to be a “good mother” so she may feel a much stronger need to start bonding early and showing her competence. This fear of failure, and not living up to her expectations, may push her to hold close to the infant and push the father out of the bonding relationship. Overall, the mother gets exclusive control of the bonding time with the infant while the father hardly gets in any time.

Francis Grossman labels this behavior “gatekeeping”. The mother holds the key to the child and allows the father access to do tasks she believes he can correctly do, rather than helping the father build his own, unique, relationship with the child.

If society had similar expectations for fathers as mothers, how would this negatively or positively affect this “gatekeeping” behavior?


Progentra user dad playing with daughter outdoors20 years of research have shown that infants respond different to father, physiologically. Eight-week-old infants are able to tell the difference between their mother and father. A study done by Yogman looked at infants who sat comfortably. In anticipation of being picked up by their mother, the babies responded by settling in, partially closing their eyes, and slowing their heart and respiratory rates. When anticipating being picked up by their father, the babies hunched up their shoulder, increased their heart and respiratory rates, and widened their eyes.

These are vastly different responses and show infants value their father’s interactions and look forward to them.


It has been shown that paternal involvement helped all infants score higher on tests of development, social responsiveness, resiliency, and boosts in weight gain and earlier discharge of premature infants.


When fathers were the sole or primary parent, their babies were shown to be vigorous, active, curious, and enjoyed inviting the external world into their own. They reveled in the external world and were competent.

Fathers play a significant role in children’s lives, experience great anxiety around the outcome of their children, and need a chance to show their paternal side. Rather than being a supplement to the mother’s care, fathers must be considered fully-developed parents who have a profound impact on their child.

Regardless of how you feel about the taste, coffee is one of the most common sources of the stimulant affectionately known as “caffeine.” Roughly 80% of caffeine consumption comes from coffee. Coming in second and third place are soda and tea, respectively. Caffeine can be found in some diverse places, however, and is the most frequently used drug globally.

What Is Caffeine, Anyway?

Caffeine is a fairly common topic; most everyone you speak to will understand what you mean when you say “caffeine.” The vast majority of American adults consume caffeine daily, but what exactly is it? At its core, caffeine is a white powder with an intensely bitter taste, known by the name 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine. Since that was not a catchy name, they decided to call it “caffeine.”

Where Does Caffeine Come From?

cup of coffee and sack of coffee beans with plantation backgroundCaffeine can be naturally derived from the parts of over sixty different types of plants. The most common sources found in the American diet are from coffee, tea, and soda. Energy drinks are increasingly popular. Caffeine can also be created in a synthetic process and added to products, such as supplements and medications.

Caffeine consumption is widely regarded as a safe process in the correct amounts. This comes down to approximately 200-300mg of caffeine daily. High doses can exceed 400, however. The average sits around 280mg, while some outliers consume as much as 600mg each day.

How Addictive Is Caffeine?

If you ever feel like you cannot face the day without your morning cup of coffee, you might be addicted. Or could you? Whether caffeine is addictive is a hot topic. Do you consume is for the desire to drink it or do you drink it to satisfy a craving?

Based on the criteria for substance abuse, most would argue that you can become addicted to caffeine. However, because those that drink caffeine and then remove it from their diet do not always experience withdrawal symptoms and do not always develop dependence, there is no use comparing it to other, more serious types of addition.

The effects of caffeine can vary widely from person to person. You may feel that you are dependent upon it, but it is not a universally addictive substance. The best advice to take is to experiment with caffeine to see how it affects you. Learn how your body feels about it and make well-informed decisions based on those observations.

Can You Overdose On Caffeine?

The amount of coffee, tea, or soda that you would have to ingest in order to die from caffeine intake would be astronomical. However, high caffeine intake has been on the rise recently and there are more caffeinated products on the market than ever before. There are supplements, energy drinks, candy, gum, and medications that all contain caffeine.

This begs the question: if caffeine were dangerous, federal law would dictate that the dosage of caffeine in each product be listed on the food label, right? Unfortunately, that is a false statement. Caffeine is required to be listed as an ingredient, but manufacturers are not required to list the amount of caffeine in any given product on its label.

There is a syndrome known as “caffeine intoxication” which is common in people that are rarely exposed to caffeine. However, anyone who uses caffeine in levels that their body is not used to can be at risk of intoxication. The symptoms include:

  • Restlessness
  • Excitement
  • Nervousness
  • Flushed face
  • Insomnia
  • Diuresis
  • Other gastrointestinal grievances


It is also possible to die from overdosing on caffeine, though the dose would have to be extremely large. In order to die from drinking coffee, you would have to drink approximately one hundred cups right after another in order to get to a lethal dose. It sounds unlikely, but there is a confirmed case of death from caffeine powder consumption, so it is not entirely out of the question.

Does Caffeine Aid In Weight Loss?

cup of artisan coffeeWeight loss supplements are flooding the market and they are rarely all they are cracked up to be. While the claims are often substantial, the payoff as well as the research behind the products are often not there. Caffeine has been dubbed “the next big thing” in the world of weight loss supplements for its use as an appetite suppressant, energy enhancer, and for its so-called “fat burning” assets.

However, the evidence to support these claims that caffeine can help weight loss are mixed. In some studies, high intake of caffeine was shown to lead to higher weight loss, while another found that it leads to gaining weight due to increased stress hormones. As of now, the evidence is inconclusive.

Are There Health Benefits To Caffeine?

While people often say that their coffee habit is a “guilty pleasure,” it can have certain health benefits. Most of the research done, however, is based around coffee, rather than isolated caffeine. Because coffee is the most widely consumed source of caffeine, the benefits can be linked to both caffeine and coffee itself.

  • Coffee can affect your brain health by aiding in increasing your long-term memory.
  • Drinking 2-3 cups a day can reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.
  • As caffeine is digested, it affects the burning of fat cells, blood flow, and capacity for oxygen, making it a good option for a pre-gym treat.
  • Drinking coffee can lower your risk of developing cancer, especially skin cancers, endometrial cancer, prostate cancer, and liver cancer.
  • You can lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by even occasionally drinking coffee.
  • Drinking three cups of coffee can also prevent cognitive impairment from developing into dementia.
  • Drinking 2-3 cups of coffee a day lowers your risk of suffering symptoms of depression.


Overall, caffeine is a very personal experience. How it affects you and how you deal with its affects is up in the air. Until you know how certain levels of caffeine affect you, you should do your best to monitor your intake. Additionally, make sure to never consume more than 10 grams!


Men are the last people to ask for help, and this is a serious problem. You need to be strong, tough, never cry, etc. Well sometimes not asking for help can truly backfire. There really is a reason that women live longer than men, and it is because they openly talk about what is wrong and find solutions easier. Men think that if they ask for help that they are considered to be weak. Even if you don’t feel like talking about your health issues with your buddies, try talking about them with your physician. There are multiple conditions and diseases that men can fall victim to as they age. Here are the top 10 health issues found in men.  

Cardiovascular disease

Did you know that 1 in 3 men have some sort of cardiovascular disease? Cardiovascular disease can lead to strokes, heart attacks, hypertension, and even death. Make sure that you are getting regular checkups to make sure that do not have, or are not experiencing, the effects of cardiovascular disease.

Respiratory disease

There are more and more men being diagnosed with lung cancer every year. It is not just men who smoke either. Respiratory disease can come from multiple things, including poor working conditions. Make sure that you are getting regular checkups on your respiratory system, even if you are not a smoker.


alcoholic man pouring a bottle should learn about Progentra benefitsAlcohol can lead to many different diseases and conditions. This is not to say that you should completely cut it out of your life, but you should enjoy it in moderation. Studies have shown that alcohol in moderation can help prevent many different conditions and diseases as we age. If the alcohol is not enjoyed in moderation, it can lead to harmful cancers like throat, mouth, esophagus, colon and liver cancer. Alcohol can also affect your hormone production and your testicular functions.

Depression and Suicide

This is a major killer of men. More men die every year from depression and suicide than women. This does not mean that women experience these conditions less, it just means that they are more likely to ask for help. It is not detrimental to your manhood to ask for help if you believe that you may be suffering from depression or suicidal thoughts. It is better to receive help than to lose your life to a condition that can be helped.

Accidental injuries

Men are more likely to experience accidental injuries or accidents. This is not saying that they are less careful, but it does mean that they are more likely to put themselves at risk. Whether you are at work or at home you are almost twice as likely to experience an accident or injury as your female counterpart. Take it from a woman and think twice before you do that questionable activity.


diabetic man taking blood sugar test can benefit from ProgentraDiabetes is a rising health condition. More and more people are being diagnosed with diabetes every year. This is a result of our fast paced, grab and go, lifestyles. Diabetes can create a few complications for men including lower testosterone levels and sexual impotence. If your diabetes goes untreated it can also create nerve damage, heart diseases, kidney damage, vision problems, stroke and, even death. To prevent this, make sure that you are getting yearly physicals from your primary care physician.

Skin cancer

We are all susceptible to skin cancer, but men are especially. Men are less likely to wear sunscreen or have good skin care routines. Unlike women, who even have sunscreen in the makeup they wear, men are much less likely to have sunscreen lying around. This makes men more than twice as likely to develop skin cancer over women. Men also tend to spend more time in the sun and spend less time visiting their doctors. Make sure that even if you never develop a good skin care routine, to try to apply sunscreen at least once a day, especially if you are spending the day outside.


HIV infections are rising among gay and bisexual men once again. This epidemic is detrimental and could affect you, even if you are a straight man. To prevent the spread of diseases such as HIV and AIDS make sure that you are taking the proper precautions before every sexual experience. You should also visit your primary care physician if you are worried that you may have contracted and STDs, STIs, or anything else.

Influenza and Pneumonia

These may seem like common illnesses, but as we age we become more susceptible to their more detrimental side effects. Aging makes us more susceptible to dying from these illnesses that were fairly easy to conquer when we were young. You cannot always prevent these types of illnesses but, especially as you age, you should get annual flu shots to help prevent the spreading of these illnesses.

Liver disease

The more alcohol that you drink and the more tobacco products that you use, the more like you are to get liver disease. Although the liver is a regenerating organ, it is still very detrimental to get liver disease. Your body needs your liver to help process out all of the bad toxins that enter it, which is why it is more susceptible the more you drink or use tobacco. You should get a physical every year from your primary care physician to help prevent the development of liver disease or any other disease.

These are only the top ten health issues that are found in men. There are a lot more out there and you can be susceptible to any of them. There is a wide range of cancers, conditions, and diseases that you should get checked for. Just one yearly visit to your doctor can make all the difference. If you believe that you may be experiencing any of these conditions, or others, contact your doctor immediately. Doctor visits are never very pleasant, but living a long, full life is much better than dying young and in a lot of pain.