Author: Pills.Reviews Staff

COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a lung disease that blocks airflow from the lungs. It is chronic and inflammatory by nature, usually caused by contact with lung aggravations, such as cigarette smoke. COPD can lead to an increased risk of developing other disease, such as those that affect the heart and lungs.

Despite its glum outlook, COPD is treatable as well as preventable. When detected early enough and properly managed, COPD sufferers can control their symptoms and lead a healthy life with a lessened risk of the side conditions that often come with COPD. Living with the disease is also made easier with the support of others.


COPD symptoms all hover around the respiratory system, typically encompassing most breathing activities. These symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath that worsens with physical activity
  • Excessive clearing of the throat
  • man coughing from COPDA chronic cough
  • Wheezing
  • Constant respiratory infections


Symptoms may also occur outside of the respiratory system. These can include:

  • Tightness of the chest
  • Blue tint to lips or nail beds
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling in feet or legs


There are also instances where people with COPD experience worsened symptoms that persist for several days. These are called “exacerbations” and are common with COPD. They can become worse over time and possibly lead to lung failure, so seek help immediately.


The main cause of COPD is tobacco smoke. 20-30% of habitual smokers will develop COPD, regardless of diagnosis. However, COPD can develop when individuals are exposed to fumes when cooking or heating when in poorly ventilated areas.

COPD affects your lungs by effectively weakening them and worsening their function. Air becomes trapped in the lungs when exhaling, making breathing more difficult. This also leaves your airways more susceptible to further illness. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are common in people with COPD.

Risk Factors

Being exposed to tobacco smoke is the most prevalent risk factor for developing COPD. Habitual cigarette smoking is the most common cause, and the longer and more you smoke, the greater the risk becomes. Victims of secondhand smoke inhalation and those with asthma that smoke are also much more at risk of developing COPD.

Unfortunately, age and genetics also play a role, so even if you do not smoke you are not necessarily in the clear completely. COPD is a slow burning disease, and many are over the age of 40 when symptoms begin. Certain genetic disorders and deficiencies also influence the risk.


COPD opens the door to a whole host of complications due to decreased lung function.

Respiratory infections, such as the flu, pneumonia, and the common cold, are more common in those with COPD. These can verge on dangerous because they further weaken the lungs and the lung tissue, as well as making it more difficult to breathe. Regular vaccinations can help prevent these infections, but it is not guaranteed.

Lung cancer is more common with COPD. The risk of development is also common in chronic smokers, so quitting may reduce the risk.

People with COPD are also more likely to develop heart problems, including the elevated likelihood of experiencing heart attacks. Heart disease is also elevated with chronic smokers, so quitting smoking may reduce the risk.

High blood pressure is a risk that comes with COPD as well, predominantly in the arteries of the lungs. Bringing blood to the lungs becomes more difficult and a condition called pulmonary hypertension may occur.

People with COPD are also at a higher risk of developing depression. COPD can prevent you from enjoying the activities you were previously able to do and combating a chronic illness can lead to depression.


doctor looking at lung xray of COPD patientCOPD is diagnosed with lung tests, X-rays, or CT scans. COPD is most commonly found in mild stages, but even when it reaches advanced stages, outlooks are still positive. There are effective therapies available for controlling symptoms, improving breathing ability, and reducing risks of complications.

One of the most crucial steps is stopping smoking. There are also many different types of medications on the market to treat symptoms as well as complications of COPD. Inhalers, steroids, and bronchodilators are common forms of treatment.

There are also types of lung therapy available for those with more severe symptoms. Oxygen therapy is common for those who need assistance with activity or sleep, but also for those who need an extra hand with everyday breathing. This is a proven technique backed by evidence, and it is the only form of treatment that can extend life.

There are also rehabilitation programs that can help you change your lifestyle. These generally include education on exercise and nutrition alongside counseling. These programs can shorten hospital stays as well as improve your overall quality of life.

Surgery is also a viable option for those who see less success on medication. Lung volume reduction, transplants, and bullectomy are common practices.


COPD is a clearer condition than most other chronic diseases. The cause and path of development is much more obvious than in the cases of other diseases. The most important route to reducing your risk of COPD is to quit smoking, or never begin to smoke.

This may not seem easy for a longtime smoker, but the resources are out there. There are programs to help with the tobacco and nicotine addiction. This is the best and more dependable chance to prevent damage to the lungs over time.

Your life will change after a COPD diagnosis. Life becomes a little bit more difficult when you cannot breathe, but even knowing the cause of the issue can weigh you down. There are physical as well as emotional trials that come with the disease. However, management of the disease is only the beginning of a better life.

There are ways to manage your symptoms, as mentioned above, but there are also support groups available for you and those affected. Sharing experience and strength with others is a major step in your emotional recovery process, and you may also be able to improve the life of someone else with your own experience.

          Are you a lark or an owl? Larks are morning persons while evening persons are owls. This morningness or eveningness is referred to as chronotype. Whether you’re an owl or a lark will depend on your biological clock as well as your psychological circadian rhythm. It all varies depending on the individual, and it may change, over time, too.

          What’s interesting about chronotypes is that it also applies to one’s preference for when to have sex. If you think back, do you really prefer having sex at night, or is it just because that’s the way your partner wants it? A recent study looked at whether chronotype similarities between partners influenced sexual and relationship satisfaction. Here are the key takeaways from the study.

Preferred Time For Sex

3 AM – 6 AM.

The researchers used 3-hour intervals to measure the participants’ preferred time for sex, from 3 AM – 6 AM, 6 M – 9 AM, 9 AM – 12 PM, and so on. It was interesting that of the 91 couples (91 males and their female partners), none of the participants in the study chose 3 AM – 6 AM either as their preferred time for having sex or the actual time for having sex.

6 AM – 9 AM vs. 9 PM – 12 AM.

For male morning persons, the preferred time for having sex was between 6 and 9 in the morning, as reported by half of those who had high scores on morningness. For those who scored high on eveningness, on the other hand, more than 70% reported they preferred having sex between 9 PM and midnight. This shows that there is an actual significant difference in the preferred time for having sex between men who are morning persons and men who are owls.

For the female participants, however, their chronotype did not appear to influence their preferred time for sex.

couple getting intimate in kitchen in the morning higher sex drive with ProgentraThe only trend the researchers found was that women who were morning persons were likely to prefer having sex before 9 PM, whereas female evening persons preferred having sex after 9 PM.

Female preference influenced actual time of sex.

The researchers found that it was the female partner’s preferred time for having sex that heavily influenced the actual time for sexual activity. Thus, for most of the couples, sex usually happened at night at around 9 PM.

Lower satisfaction in morning men.

In couples wherein the male had morning chronotypes, there was a huge gap between preferred and actual time for having sex. The researchers observed that men who were morning-types were less likely to be satisfied, both with the relationship and sexually. This is because of the huge gap in the preferred time for sex between partners. As one might imagine, a morning-type man desiring sex early in the morning will have to wait for more than half a day just to be able to have sex at around 9 PM when his partner is more receptive to sexual intercourse.

Chronotype similarity works for the women.

When it comes to similarities in chronotypes, the researchers found that when the couples are both morning persons or both of them are evening persons, the female partner was more likely to be express relationship satisfaction. However, chronotype similarity did not appear to influence the men’s relationship satisfaction.

Sexual satisfaction depended on lower discrepancies between preferred and actual time for having sex.

The researchers noted that if the preferred and actual time for having sex was almost similar, the participant was more likely to report sexual satisfaction. The opposite of this is the trend observed among men who were morning persons. Since their partners preferred having sex at night, there was a huge discrepancy between the men’s preferred time and the actual time when they engaged in sex. Thus, these morning men reported lower sexual satisfaction, as compared to evening-type men who were more in sync with their partners.

Other Observations Regarding Preferred Time For Sex

Women looking for long-term relationships prefer men who have the same chronotypes as they do.

couple morning sex in bedroom thanks to Progentra resultsComparing the results of the study with previous studies, the researchers noted that for women, chronotype similarity was important if they were focused on having a long-term relationship. However, if it’s only a short-term relationship, chronotype similarities did not matter as much to women. Hence, for short-term relationships, women preferred men who were evening persons. This is also related to another study’s findings that evening-type men had more mating success, meaning they had more female sexual partners than morning-type men did.

Women are more influenced by culturally approved norms for sexual activities.

Citing a previous study, the researchers observed that the female participants preferred having sex at night regardless of whether they were evening-type or not because nighttime is the “culturally approved” time for having sexual intercourse. Men, on the other hand, were less likely to be influenced by culture or social variables when it comes to their preference for when to have sex.

Men’s sexual desires are stronger and more frequent.

Because of this, men are more likely to adjust to their partner’s preferred time for having sex and are willing to wait for the time when their female partners indicated they were willing to have sex. Moreover, the researchers considered that women reported having a lesser interest in sexual activities when they were in a bad mood. Men’s sexual desires, on the other hand, were less likely to be affected by whether they were in a bad mood or not. In short, even if a man is having a bad mood, his desire for sex is not necessarily diminished.

The Bottom Line

          Although this study may not necessarily reflect time preference for having sex in different countries or cultures, it still offers valuable insights. Once you know whether your partner is a morning-type or an evening-type person, you can make adjustments to your actual time for having sex to improve your relationship and sexual satisfaction.

          Of course, communication between partners is very important in any relationship. Talking with your partner about your chronotype and preferred time for having sex may help you both gain a better understanding of your sexual desires, and hopefully, increase your sexual satisfaction. Moreover, improved communication between partners also contributes to better relationship satisfaction. Feel free to share the results of this study with your partner.


Jocz P, Stolarski M, Jankowski KS. Similarity in Chronotype and Preferred Time for Sex and Its Role in Relationship Quality and Sexual Satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology. 2018;9:443. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00443.

So, you’ve sat down, turned on the TV, and are wondering what to watch. You’ve been on a positivity kick for months and you’re looking for encouraging movies that’ll boost your endorphins to the max. Well, you’re on the right track. Positive movies have the ability to inspire, motivate, and lift your spirits. But, what are some super positive movies?

I’m glad you asked. Here are 11 uplifting movies for your voracious appetite.


#1 Big Fish

This whimsical tale of the unbelievable life of Ed Bloom is filled with larger-than-life characters and magnificent stories. Ed Bloom has lived a life we can only dream of. From giants to witches to knowing his future, his life is extraordinary. Watch Big Fish alone or with your family.

#2 Remember The Titans

Based on a true story, this is the story of racism, two football teams, and people’s ability to come together for a larger cause. As integration is shoved through this Southern high school and two teams are forced to combine into one, hatred blooms. But, Coach Boone, the newly-appointed African-American coach, will not tolerate hatred between his players. If they can’t come together, they can’t play together. With his no-nonsense ways and huge heart, he will transform this team into a beast of a machine both on and off the field. Remember The Titans is a film you’ll want to watch again.

#3 Little Miss Sunshine

family watching movie at home theaterA testament to being true to yourself, Little Miss Sunshine, is the story of one extremely dysfunctional family and the little girl who wants to join a beauty pageant being held across the country. Her family gathers together to get there in time and the various issues that ensue will bond them closer than ever. Full of the realities of being in a family, especially a dysfunctional one, this movie will keep a smile on your face.

#4 Groundhog Day

A masterful feel-good classic, Groundhog Day, chronicles the life of a grumpy, bitter, news reporter. Through some stroke of bad luck, the reporter begins to live the same day over and over again. As the day ends and begins again, he will eventually lay down his sword of bitterness and discover the wonders of life. Groundhog Day’s overarching message is gratitude. Each day you have is precious.

#5 Slumdog Millionaire

A teen from the slums of Mumbai looks for his lost love. To get a better chance of finding her, this resilient, intelligent, teen goes on “Who Wants to be a Millionaire?”. After he wins he is arrested and charged with cheating, so he must convince the world that an impoverished boy is capable of winning this show. With suspicions mounting, and still in search of his love, he may not find her, but he’ll keep trying.

#6 Down With Love

Set in the ‘60s, this movie begins with two people who don’t love. The man avoids love like it’s a rabid dog, while the woman has no need for love, at all. A wonderful romcom, these two love-haters meet and are pleasantly surprised with the result. They learn the true nature of love-when you don’t know you need it, love will show you that you do.

#7 The Pursuit of Happyness

Based on a true story, The Pursuit of Happyness, follows the struggles and triumphs of an intelligent man’s battle with homelessness. A bright spark in a dull world, this man sells large and heavy bone density scanners. Through rough times, abandonment, and a stranger who steals one of his bone density scanners to time travel, this man, and his young son, lose everything. With one chance cloaked in an unpaid internship, this man’s fortitude, resilience, and sheer unstoppable conviction will build a world for him and his son. Starring Will Smith and his real-life son, Jaden Smith, The Pursuit of Happyness, is a tour de force that will careen you through many emotions and, by the end, leave you craving to live up to every potential you have.

#8 Billy Elliot

couple in movie theater, guy has more energy with ProgentraDuring the ‘80s miner strike in England, one boy, Jamie Bell, has dreams of ballet. Harboring great skill and passion, he fights against the stigma of boy ballet dancers. Though his family is impoverished, they sacrifice everything to help him go to ballet school and fulfill his life’s purpose.

#9 Stepmom

When a woman’s cancer progresses, she enlists her husband’s new wife to care for her children. Sitting on opposite sides of the same fence, she befriends this woman to find the best mother for her children. This story will bring up a well of emotions as these women redefine family and the loyalty of a mother.

#10 Big

When a teen wishes “to be big” he’s beyond surprise when he wakes up the next day a grown man. Suddenly, his voice is deep, his legs are hairy, and he has to get a job. A real job. But, what’s a teen to do? Learn and mature. In this 1988 classic, not only does he find a good job but he even finds love.

#11 Precious

A hard-hitting and inspirational story of a teenage girl who has many strikes against her, Precious, is an amazing movie spearheaded by Oscar-nominated Gabourey Sidibe. This teenager lives a life of hardship, abuse, illiteracy, poverty, and obesity. None of these strikes will dampen her determination or hope. She is set on creating a beautiful life for her and her children. Note that this movie doesn’t soften the hardships of her life; it is gritty, raw, and real. After watching this brilliant film the answer to this question will be a resounding yes.

Can a rose bloom in a dark room?

Movies are an excellent way to explore many different facets of your own personality. You can get a glimpse into the lives of people of a different age, race, gender, sexual orientation through the stories told from their perspective.

SEX: everyone knows about, everyone does it at some point in his or her lives, and it’s generally seen as a pretty fun activity for the consenting adult.

        However, the lead up to the sex itself can be one of the most nerve racking experiences you will ever come across. This is particularly true if you’re about to have sex with someone you genuinely care about and want to please sexually. That need to be an enjoyable experience for the other person as well as yourself, can be one of the things that actually harms your performance.

        With men, there’s a societal tendency to drill into their heads that they must be confident sex machines, ready to go regardless if it’s your first time or not. If you’re a man in your mid-20’s, who’s currently in a relationship that you’re ready to take to the next level, and are feeling nervous about what you’re going to do, fear not.

Below are some helpful tips and tricks to help you relax before your lovely night with your significant other.

#1. Safety can be relaxing

woman tearing open condom pack with her mouth        Every teenager learns in school that sex can result in STI’s and unforeseen pregnancies (often more than they learn about the actual act itself) and while the chances of this happening to you may have been exaggerated a touch, that risk is still very real. And if it makes you nervous, that’s okay. Before having sex, check with your partner about having protection. This can be either a condom, or a morning after pill, or several other methods of protecting yourselves. If you think you may have an STI, check with your local Planned Parenthood clinic for a free test. There is nothing wrong or embarrassing about playing it safe.

#2. Don’t think, feel

        So, you’ve made it into bed. Your clothes are off, and the sex has commenced. But unbelievably, the sex prep hasn’t necessarily ended yet. What this means is that there is a good mindset to put yourself in before the sex begins so you can negate any feelings of nervousness you may have. Two words: deep breaths. Focus on deep breathing exercises during sex.

        Now, it should go without saying that you should remember to breathe when having sex, but this actually helps in a different way. As you breathe while having sex, turn your focus away from the thoughts of screwing up, or self consciously judging everything you’re doing, or wondering whether they’re enjoying it etc. and instead focus on how it feels to have the other person’s body pressed up against yours. Focus on how their hair feels between your fingers, or the sound of their voice. Whatever you’re feeling, focus on that, and just feel the stress and nervousness melt away into nothing.

#3. Bring plenty of lube

        Now, that may raise your eyebrow somewhat, but rest assured, this is going somewhere. Men are sometimes liable to bad mouth lube because some see it as an indicator that one or both parties aren’t sufficiently aroused. But lube is a great benefit to those inexperienced with sex (even if they’ve technically had sex before). Adding a little lube to your penis can make the act of coitus several times more pleasurable for both you and your partner. Lube is also important if you follow #1 and use protection. If there’s one thing that latex (the material primarily used for condoms) hates, it’s friction. Something you’re going to be making a lot of tonight. If you’re suspicious at all about the structural integrity of your condom tonight, a little lube will ensure that the rubber will do its job.

#4. Above all else; foreplay

        Foreplay is a cornerstone of sex; make plenty of it before getting to the sex. This is especially true of straight couples, since, despite the two being in the same anatomical vicinity as one another, vaginal intercourse brings very little stimulation to the clitoris. And the clitoris is where a lot of women’s sexual pleasure derives. And even then, you should make sure to thoroughly learn all of your partner’s most sensitive areas (how you do this is up to you) and then focus on pleasing the areas that get the most reaction. Remember, above all else; foreplay.

#5. Partner’s pleasure > your technique

lovers in bed having sex, foreplay        When engaging in sex, your first priority to each other should be the other’s pleasure. How you “perform” by some arbitrary scale is irrelevant. If you believe something will pleasure your partner, or has already done so, keep doing it. The great thing about sex is that it is almost unfairly easy to tell if you’re actually doing well. Is your partner enjoying himself or herself? If so, then you’re doing great. Focus on that, and you have nothing to be nervous about.

#6. Keyword: consent.

        Always make sure you get consent and give consent before you start sex. And this isn’t just normal consent, but enthusiastic consent. There is nothing more nerve racking than doubting whether you or your partner actually wanted to go through with this at all when you’re already inside them. Make sure that it’s already well established that you and your partner don’t just want to have sex, but that you really want to have sex. Words cannot describe how much of a load this is off of your nerves.

#7. Set expectations low

        We live in the age of the internet, where there is terabytes of content freely available, and a mere google search away, featuring people paid and trained to be better at sex than anyone can reasonably be otherwise. Porn has its place, but you should always keep that in mind, that it is all an act, and rarely does anyone know what they’re doing when sex actually starts.

        If this is your first time, then you are guaranteed to be awkward, messy, and most of all: human. Remember that this is alright. Be sure to look yourself in the mirror before you and your lover get into the bedroom, and reassure yourself that it’s not going to be like it is on T.V. and that is okay. A good subtle way to do this is to flat out not watch porn for the days leading up to the date where you plan on taking the next step. After all, should all go well, you won’t need it anymore.

        As a man, you might be less than willing to admit that you’re nervous about having sex. All this means is that you care about the experience with the other person, which is fine. Just take the above listed steps, and above all else; have fun.


As we get older it can feel as if we are not as healthy as we used to be, but this is something that is easy to fix. We tend to put other priorities over our health, because we feel like we have to. Self-care is a large part of staying healthy. Here are a few suggestions so that you can stay as healthy as possible.

Quit Staying Late at Work.

Yes, sometimes staying late is essential, but many times we choose to stay late although we don’t necessarily have to. By working long hours regularly, you will see a decline in your health as the added stress is not good for you. The longer hours you work, the more likely you will develop mental health issues, and as we all know these can be harmful to your overall health. So, don’t over stress yourself, keep to your regular hours unless you absolutely have to stay late for the project to be finished on time.

Keep Up With Your Friends.

male friends jumping off to lake, keeping activeWe can’t always hit every event that our friends have planned, but you need to keep up with your friends and family. Being connected with others is very good for your health. We are social creatures, whether we like it or not. We need others to stay healthy and sane. Being alone all the time is not good for our health.

Eat More Protein.

This may seem like an irrelevant point, but eating lean proteins is very good for your health. They help with your metabolism and many of these meats are high in the Omega acids we need to support good brain and overall body health.

Go Outside.

Think about it, we all get seasonal depression in some way. When we aren’t outside as much, especially in the winter, we begin to think about how great summer time is. We need the sun for our health. Being outside can be rejuvenating for our bodies and minds. We all know that getting too much sun can be bad for our health, but overall being outside is one of the easiest, and most natural ways, to stay healthy.

Get Off Your Electronics.

It is super easy to waste time with our electronics. Whether we are flipping through social media or tv channels, we can waste a lot of time with our electronics. The more time you spend in front of the tv, or just on your couch in general, the more likely you are to develop heart disease. Turn off your electronics and move around, even if you don’t make it outside, housework can also help to burn calories and keep your heart rate up.

Eat More Veggies.

Honestly, a very common stereotype for men is to only eat meat heavy meals. You do not have to do that to be a manly-man. Instead of your plate consisting of a large steak and maybe some potatoes, try adding more veggies. You do not have to eat only meat heavy meals. I’m not saying cut out the meat completely, it’s good for you, but try adding more to your meals than just a large T-bone.

Do You Have Joint Pain?

Pay attention to your body, if something hurts talk to your doctor about it. If you are having any joint pain, especially if you are still in your twenties or thirties, make sure that are doing something about it now so that it doesn’t progress to something worse later.

You Can Still Drink Your Coffee.

Studies have shown that men who drink coffee and get moderate exercise have less of a risk of things like prostate cancer. This is a great sign as most of us are coffee drinkers. Studies have also suggested that coffee and getting regular exercise can lead to a longer life span.

Get regular Checkups.

man having regular checkup for healthAs we get older we need to worry about being more susceptible to disease. Make sure that you are getting regular physicals. Even if your last physical had you as perfectly healthy, be aware that our bodies change quite frequently and something that may have gone unnoticed before may be a problem now.

Work on Your Relationship.

Happy wife, happy life, am I right? Studies have shown that men who are in happy relationships are usually in better health than men who are not. Even if you are not currently in a relationship, remember that this applies to all sorts of relationships. The happier the relationships in your life are, the more likely you are to be healthier as a result.

Stress Control.

If you can keep your stress in check, you are more likely to be happy and healthy. Stress is a large factor into why many adults fall ill. Think about it, the last time you got really sick was probably during some large project, you know, a time where you “just can’t be sick!” This tends to happen more often as we get older, stress really affects our health, so try to keep it in check.

Get Rid of the Sugar!

Try to get rid of sugary drinks in your home. The sugars that are found in pop can increase the risk of many different diseases and disorders found in the body. Once you start to cut back on sugary drinks you will see a change in your body and in your mood.

It Only Takes 30 Minutes.

By exercising for 30 minutes a day or more, you will find yourself happier and healthier. Exercise can reduce depression and help to lower the risk of many diseases and disorders that we become more susceptible to as we get older. Even if you can’t take a full 30 minutes out of your day, some exercise throughout the day will help you to feel great.

Get Your Partner In On It.

If you and your partner have similar goals, it will be easier to stay healthy. When you are both working towards something you can encourage and help each other to reach those goals. So, get your partner in on this new, healthy, lifestyle!


Hydration is important to everyone’s health any time of year. It can become critical if your train hard, especially as warmer temps approach. Proper hydration has a significant impact on your overall results. Keep in mind electrolyte balance does not come from your fluid intake alone. Fresh fruits, vegetables, and other foods play a crucial role in proper hydration.

Electrolyte Balance Maintenance

Most experts agree that your body maintains electrolyte balance through your dietary intake. There are variables which change these outcomes. Some of the most common are neglect, intense exercise, extended durations, and excessive temperatures. Any combination of these could result in serious health complications and even stroke.

Make sure you eat plenty of fresh produce throughout your week. It is excellent for snacking on and extremely diabetic friendly. Artificial sweeteners from processed snacks and fruit drinks can also deplete your body of vital hydration stores.

Ensure you drink good old fashion water on a daily basis. Opt for 100% juices or blend your own and try to avoid fake fruit drinks. Soda is also a no-no, especially diet or low sugar versions. These are pretty much void of nutrition and the additives can actually make you thirstier.

woman drinking water during warm weatherKeep in mind that you should replenish your bodily fluids every night before bed. You’ll need to repeat this process in the morning and at lunch. Try drinking water before going to sleep and add a splash of lemon in the morning. Throw in some ice and your favorite powdered supplement for a thirst-busting slushy for afternoon replenishment.

Your weight divided in half is the standard number of ounces you should drink every day. If you routinely workout, replenish your stores throughout your session. Drinking too much can have consequences as well, especially in combination with intense physical activity. You could end up with a bloated stomach or even severe cramps.

Experiment while you work out to determine what levels are optimal for your body. Use a cup which measures the number of ounces. Take sips when you’re thirsty, but you should never guzzle it.

If your routine is extremely demanding, you might consider an electrolyte replenishment drink. These generally consist of bicarbonate, calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphate, potassium, and sodium. The basic DIY recipe calls for water, sugar, and salt. Add freshly squeezed juice for a more flavorful electrolyte balance and a micronutrient boost.

Note: Examples of intense sessions are cross-fit training. HIIT, and extreme lifting. These activities might also call for a protein replenishment shake.

Fluid Movement

There are many reasons you should stay well hydrated. Some of these are essential for those who routinely train, especially to build mass. If your kidneys don’t get enough water for proper function, your liver puts fat burning on hold while it pitches in for them.

  • Your body is anywhere from 55% to 65% water.
  • Proper hydration is required to streamline nutrient delivery.
  • Your body also needs it to eliminate toxins or waste from your tissues and organs.
  • Glycogen from carbs binds to water and both are burned when your body needs fuel.
  • It assists your body in efficiently utilizing nutrients from your health supplements.
  • Fluid is key to muscle catabolism which is a critical element in building mass.

Infuse Yourself

One way you can refresh your body is with infused water. There are specially made infusion bottles available, but you don’t need to one. Simply quarter up a lemon, lime, or both and cover with water in a glass jar. Make sure it has a tightly sealing lid. Place this in the fridge for a couple of hours and you’re good to go.

This method also floods your body with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants depending upon what you choose to infuse. You can use a gallon size sun tea jar to make a large batch. Fill your water bottle, or a couple, and go.

Try your favorite fruits and vegetables to discover which work best for you. Don’t forget to include herbs to boost both flavor and nutrients. The measurements mostly depend upon the fresh ingredients you choose to incorporate. Juicier ingredients require less water. Check out these infused combo ideas.

  • cucumber and lime infused water in pitcherLemon, Strawberry, & Ginger
  • Watermelon, Cucumber, & Mint
  • Lime, Black Cherry, & Cilantro
  • Blackberry, Blueberry, & Lavender
  • Cranberry, Orange, & Basil

Tip: Use a tea infuser to contain your herbal ingredients.

Smooth Replenishment

As mentioned previously, your dietary intake is your best source of balanced electrolytes. You don’t have to buy an expensive juicer or even infuse your water. Simply visit your local farmers’ market for recipe ingredients and snack items. You can also make some nutrition packed, hydrating smoothies.

Fresh fruit, protein powder, and frozen yogurt make a powerfully tasty breakfast. It includes all the vital elements your body needs to maintain your electrolyte balance. Choose dairy-type products which align with your health goals. Replace milk with soy or almond for a vegetarian-friendly shake. There are many frozen yogurt treats made entirely of plant-based ingredients as well.

Pour about one cup of milk or dairy substitute into a blender. Add One to one and a half cups of fresh fruit. Scoop in 3 ounces of frozen yogurt. Throw in a spoon or two of honey and a dash of cinnamon to taste. Blend until the texture is smooth. This should take about 30 seconds.

Without a powder supplement, this smoothie provides around 12 grams of protein. At about 300 calories, 13 grams if from fat. You’ll get fiber and carbs from the fruit. It offers easy to digest vitamins and antioxidants as well.  Of course, the ingredients you choose determines the power of the hydration and nutritional boost.

Physical activity comes with some inherent risks. That’s why we warm-up before we exercise. It’s why we stretch before a run. Why we warm up before lifting weights. Why we make sure to cool down after too. We need to prevent injury. And empirical data supports that, what is in my opinion, the best kind of physical activity — sex — causes just as many injuries as physical workouts. In fact, 6 out of every 10 people has suffered a sex-related injury.

That shouldn’t come as much of a surprise. Sex IS a workout. It’s solid cardio with a rapidly increased heart rate. Like yoga, you contort your body into weird shapes and angles. You’re basically wrestling with another human being. And it’s actually the most vanilla of all sexual positions — missionary — that causes the most injuries.

A plurality of those injuries, for men, was related to the penis, while a majority of women report injuries to the vagina during missionary sex. This likely has little to do, statistically, with the activity, angle or anything else inherent with the position, but rather it’s likely because of the popularity of the position and how often people are in it during sex.

Of course the penis isn’t the only body part at risk to injury during missionary sex.

The next most common injury that men reported was to their backs. This is a repetitive movement and stress-related injury that shouldn’t come as too much of a surprise if you put some though into it. Notably, men experienced more joint injuries when performing sex doggy-style — with reports of injuries to elbows, shoulders, and knees.

man taking Progentra pills in bed with sexy womanSome of these injuries — up to 13% — sent men to the emergency room for treatment and required immediate medical care. And a majority of men reported that the injuries ended up sending them to seek medical treatment some time later, including seeing a specialist.

If something like this happens to you, it’s important that you be completely honest and truthful with your doctor about what happened. You probably don’t need to give them all of the gory details of how you ended up having that injury, but you do have to provide them at least the base, foundational idea of the actions that led to your sex-related injury.

If they need further details, they’ll ask. But be forward with the info. Even the best diagnostician can’t figure out what is wrong with you just by looking at you. And lying about the source of the injury will only cloud things and keep them from — potentially — being able to actually properly help you.

Doctors know how common injuries like this are.

Furthermore, they’ve likely already seen and heard things far worse than you could possibly share with them. And if you’re really worried about sharing, comfortably, details of your sexual exploits, know that there are laws in this country that will protect your privacy.

Doctors know all of the code words and phrases for sex-related injuries and can usually tell when you’re not being totally truthful about some injury that you’ve suffered. They know what a fall in the shower looks like. They’ve seen plenty of those. They know it doesn’t look like that hip strain from that recent tussle in the sheets with your partner.

So, what should you do about any of this?

What can you do to prevent embarrassing injuries that could send you to the doctor having to explain your recent sexual exploits to a nurse or specialist? Well, I doubt you want to break out the full calisthenics before getting it on. That could totally ruin the mood that you’re putting some effort into trying to set. Doing back bends and touching your toes are not necessarily the sexiest moves to be pulling off right before you’re about to get into bed with your partner. You should be focused on pre-gaming for the big event, warming things up sexually to make sure you’re ready to go, and getting her into the right frame of mind.

couple under covers satisfied with Progentra effectsInstead, your best bet is to work some stretching or some yoga into your normal exercise routine.

Make sure that you’re staying limber and building core strength to support yourself. And, as with any injury that could occur at the gym or with any physical activity, you should limit yourself to what you’re capable of. When you’re at the gym, you know when to push yourself to see some gains, but you know not to go too far. You’ll hurt something or, at least, suffer some set back that will sideline you for enough time as to put a dent in any gains that you’ve seen. This goes for sex too.

With sex, we’re not as regimented about the physical activity that is inherent in the act of sex. We will push and stretch beyond our physical limitations because we’ve been told that it feels good. You’re adventurous and exploring new things, but failing to take into account that you’re still bound by your own body and what it can and cannot do.

If you make sure to keep in mind that this is a physical activity with all of the same risks associated with sports and exercise that bear a striking resemblance to it when you really think about it, you’ll save yourself a lot of pain and aggravation later. Hey — you’ll even save yourself, potentially, some serious cash considering the cost of medical bills and the potential hit to your insurance bill if it ends up being a chronic condition.

If you keep in mind that sex is a physical activity with all of the same inherent risks as any other exercise that includes cardio, stretching, contorting your body into different shapes and basically what can look like ancient Greco-Roman wrestling, then you’ll be a lot safer. And you’ll already be several steps ahead of that guy in the ER right now who “slipped in his shower and fell on a shampoo bottle.” Every doctor has heard that one. So, don’t be that guy.


In the dictionary definition of pornography, two elements are present. First, there is erotic behavior depicted, regardless of whether it’s in words or graphics. Secondly, the purpose is to cause sexual excitement. That may be the purpose of porn but even up to now that we’re already in the age of digital technology and no longer in the Victorian era, the debate about watching pornography still goes on.


Or rather, especially now that we’re in the digital technology age. Because there’s internet pornography now. And experts are saying that it’s an addiction, much like alcohol or substance abuse is an addiction. So, how is watching pornography an addiction?

According to scientific studies, watching porn triggers your brain to activate feelings of reward and pleasure, which should be healthy. However, when you watch too much internet porn and you do it all the time, your brain gets rewired – your brain may react to the pornographic material the same way as drug addicts do when shown pictures of cocaine or heroin. And this is when things get really problematic.

There are many arguments for and against porn, but to say that watching internet pornography is an addiction is a novel thing. Let’s take a look at what a 2015 study has to say about the matter.


Behaviors are also addictions.

The old school view of addiction was focused merely on substance abuse. As of 2011, however, the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) has revised its definition of addiction. According to the organization, addiction is a disease characterized by an individual’s pursuit of the feeling of reward and/or relief by using substances or manifesting certain behaviors – such as watching internet pornography. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) may also move in the same direction, with a sub-chapter created in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) for addiction disorders that are non-substance related.


Brain maps for sexual excitement.

man with increased libido from Progentra us watching porn onlineThe purpose of pornography is to cause sexual excitement and as an individual experiences this and continually and chronically watches porn on the internet, dopamine is also continually released into the brain’s system for motivation and rewards. This then creates a map in the brain for sexual excitement.


Brain maps for natural sexual excitement cannot compare.

Unfortunately, because the brain map for sexual excitement created when an individual regularly watches internet porn are more consistently reinforced, the brain maps for natural sexual stimulation pale in comparison. This means that if you watch internet porn more regularly than you engage in physical sex with a partner, your brain gets trained to feel more rewarded with porn than with actual sex. This is the part that can cause a lot of trouble later on, like when a physical partner can no longer sexually excite you because your brain is looking for porn stimulation instead.


Watching internet porn and drug addiction light up the same brain areas.

One neuroimaging study showed that in people with compulsive sexual behaviors, watching internet pornography triggered the same regions in the brain that are also activated when substance addicted individuals are shown drugs or alcohol. Their conclusion was that the neural networks for pathological use of substances and pathological consumption of natural rewards, such as the pleasure derived from sex or watching internet pornography, may actually overlap. This bolsters the argument that watching internet pornography can be an addictive behavior.


The more you watch porn, the more it excites you.

In a study involving men who were shown visual sexual stimulation, as in porn, it was revealed that those who watched porn for two or more hours per week felt more sexually aroused while watching porn. The researchers even went so far as to suggest that watching visual sexual stimuli may be able to improve erectile functioning because it could prime the brain for sexual thoughts, which, in turn, could eventually lead to better sexual response.


Still pictures don’t work anymore.

People who watch internet pornography more and for longer or who may be considered as internet pornography addicts are less sexually aroused by still sexual images. Those who consume a lot of internet pornography may already be desensitized to less explicit graphics and are instead looking for more explicit sex videos. Researchers suggest that this could become a tool for identifying internet pornography addiction. If you no longer feel sexually excited just by looking at a sexually explicit photograph, or if you feel that it’s no longer enough to arouse you, you may be at risk of being an internet porn addict.


Internet pornography more arousing than real partners.

man distracted by online porn ignoring wifeIn people who are addicted to internet pornography, more than half experience difficulty in achieving an erection or getting sexually aroused by a real partner. This is not necessarily a symptom of erectile dysfunction, but more of a psychological or neural problem. However, if it’s already causing distress and relationship problems, it would be wise to seek expert help to prevent it from becoming a full-blown sexual dysfunction later on.


Excessive consumption of internet pornography is associated with hypersexuality.

The condition is sometimes called sexual addiction or hypersexuality disorder and is characterized by being excessively preoccupied with anything to do with sex, such as fantasies, urges, or behaviors, so much so that it already causes distress, is no longer controllable, and already has negative impacts to aspects of your daily life. Unfortunately, in a study on hypersexuality, it was found that more than 80% of hypersexual individuals watch internet porn excessively.

Watching pornographic materials elicit both positive and negative outcomes. However, as with anything else, too much of something not always good, and the same goes true for watching internet pornography excessively.

Unfortunately, the positive effects of porn watching are not often studied by researchers, so the negative effects of pornography are often the ones being highlighted, which adds to the negative reputation of porn. This doesn’t mean that you should stop watching porn now. But just to be on the safe side, just make sure you do it in moderation.


It may be unimaginable for most men, but there is actually a medical condition called spermatorrhea where a man spontaneously and uncontrollably ejaculates. And here’s the kicker – it happens without any sexual activity or stimulation.

It’s not exactly the opposite of anorgasmia in men, in the sense that with spermatorrhea, you

just ejaculate out of the blue, whereas in anorgasmia, try all you might, you still can’t ejaculate. Moreover, the causes are different as well as the treatments.

Since the ejaculation is spontaneous, you can just imagine how unexpected and unwelcome it is. It usually happens without warning. You can be watching a sports game or giving a presentation at a business meeting and it can hit you. You end up in a literally sticky situation. Here are 14 things you should know about this curious condition.


Kidney Qi Imbalance.

Spermatorrhea is recognized in Chinese traditional medicine as a condition caused by imbalance or problems in the kidney qi. There are two further classifications of the condition in Chinese traditional medicine. The first one is Meng Yi and the second is Hua Jing.

Meng Yi And Hua Jing Differentiated.

In the former, involuntary ejaculation happens during sleep and is usually accompanied by dreams. In western medicine, we can think of it as having wet dreams. The second case is more the equivalent of the western spermatorrhea concept, wherein involuntary and spontaneous ejaculation happens while the person is awake or during sleep without dreaming.

Reproductive Disorder.

woman looking at man's erectile dysfunction that can be helped by ProgentraIn Ayurvedic medicine, spermatorrhea is considered as a reproductive disorder caused by imbalance in your body, including improper diet, emotional imbalance, and excessive sexual activity like masturbation.

Spontaneous Orgasms In Women.

Women suffer the equivalent of spermatorrhea in the form of spontaneous orgasms. This condition is also unrelated to any sexual activity or stimulation, and just like spermatorrhea, it also happens spontaneously and uncontrollably. Even though the physical sensations are very similar to a sexual orgasm, complete with vaginal contractions, spontaneous orgasms are not always pleasurable. This is partly because they are so unexpected, and also partly because it usually happens in stressful situations.


Both spontaneous orgasms in women and spermatorrhea in men are related to stressful situations, at least according to western medicine. Anxiety, psychological stress, and panic can cause spontaneous ejaculation in men, and although it rarely happens, it can lead to severe further psychological stress.

Causes Of Spermatorrhea.

The condition is currently viewed as a pathological disorder. In western medicine, neurosis is associated as a cause of spermatorrhea. The condition is also linked to prostatitis or the inflammation of the prostate gland, spermatocystitis or the inflammation of the seminal vesicles, and orchitis which refers to the inflammation of the testicles.

Drugs Can Also Cause Spermatorrhea.

There have been reports, although rare, of men experiencing spermatorrhea after taking fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Fortunately for these men, the condition disappeared after they stopped taking fluvoxamine. There was also a report of spermatorrhea after taking citalopram, which is another SSRI.

Outdated treatments.

man holding crotch with spontaneous ejaculation that can be improved with Progentra useEven in the past, spermatorrhea was already considered by western medicine as a disorder with devastating effects, especially psychologically. Nineteenth-century treatments included enforced chastity and, in worst case scenarios, castration. Avoidance of masturbation was also highly recommended as excessive masturbation was thought to be one of the causes of spermatorrhea.

Herbal Treatments.

Both in traditional Chinese medicine and in Ayurvedic medicine, there are many herbs that are used to treat spermatorrhea. Herbal formulations are usually prepared as a combination of different herbs. Here are some medicinal plants that are often used in formulations for the treatment of spermatorrhea.

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera).

Ashwagandha is popularly used in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of many conditions. It is also considered as an adaptogen which helps the body react to and handle stress better. The herb is also associated with lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. In men, the effects of Ashwagandha center on improving testicular health as well as increasing fertility.

Kavach Beej (Mucuna pruriens).

Mucuna pruriens is commonly called velvet bean and the plant is medicinally valuable because of its L-Dopa content. L-Dopa is converted by our body into dopamine, which is why L-Dopa is often used in treatments for Alzheimer’s disease. Velvet bean is also used to treat fertility problems. One study showed that intake of a 5-gram extract made from Mucuna pruriens for a duration of three months significantly increased testosterone levels in men suffering from infertility.

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus).

This plant is related to your regular asparagus vegetable and is native to India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. Shatavari is associated with improved immune system and it is used in treatments for its anti-ulcer, antidepressant, and anxiety reduction properties. For sexual health, shatavari is used as an aphrodisiac. Shatavari is associated with increased penile erection and improved sexual behavior. It is often used in combination with other herbs in the formulation of Ayurvedic treatments.

Tu Si Zi or Dodder Seed.

Tu Si Zi is touted to have many health benefits, not only for the sexual health of men. For instance, it is considered to have anti-aging properties and is therefore popularly used as a longevity herb in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicines. It is also called Dodder seed or Semen Cuscutae. Flavonoid extract from semen cuscutae was shown to increase testis weight, as well as the weights of the pituitary gland and the epididymis. After seven days of treatment, Semen cuscutae flavonoid extract was also shown to increase testosterone and luteinizing hormone secretion.

Rou Cong Cong (Cistanches herba).

Also known as desert ginseng, rou cong cong is used not just in China but also in North Africa and Arabic countries. It has many medicinal benefits and is used for its healthy properties including neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral properties, among many others. In traditional Chinese medicine, one of the many uses of rou cong cong is for the treatment of impotence. Rou cong cong is also often used in combination with other herbs in the formulation of herbal treatments, both in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine.


You wouldn’t have believed my shock when my college physician told me that my cholesterol was high. By every other metric, I was perfectly healthy, but my cholesterol was through the roof; if I recall correctly, it was 230. I was stunned. My cholesterol shouldn’t be high! Not that I was particularly healthy, just, high cholesterol was something that happened to old guys, not to young, virile kids like me. Well, I was certainly scared straight, and from there, I learned everything I could about fixing my cholesterol, and a few years later, I was back down in a healthier range. But before we talk about methods of lowering cholesterol, it might be a good idea to get a clear idea of what cholesterol is.

What Is Cholesterol?

As with most things that can kill you, cholesterol isn’t actually a bad thing. Everyone’s body makes cholesterol, and it’s a necessary part of the functioning of our cells. It’s a waxy type of fat found within all of the cells, producing hormones and helping to digest the food that gives us energy. In large quantities, though, cholesterol is a killer. That waxy fat can build up inside blood vessels and eventually create plaque, a hard substance that clogs the vessels, which can lead to a heart attack or blood clots.

Difference Types of Cholesterol

You’ve probably heard of “good” and “bad” cholesterol, but don’t know what the difference is between the two. The two types of cholesterol are LDL and HDL, specifically, low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein. The major difference between the two is, of course, density. The low density cholesterol can easily spread and make issues, whereas the high density cholesterol is capable of absorbing the low density cholesterol and bringing it back to the liver to be processed out. This is why doctors will say LDL is bad cholesterol, and HDL is good cholesterol.

How to Lower Cholesterol

So now that we’ve covered what cholesterol is and why you need to maintain a low amount of it, it’s time to discuss some strategies to keep that cholesterol low. Obviously, these tactics are generally aimed at lowering your LDL in particular, and keep a healthy level of cholesterol overall.

Manage the Fats You Eat

The number one factor when it comes to your cholesterol is the food that you eat, so you need to be sure that you eat the right foods. These changes can make a big difference at any point, whether you’ve had a high cholesterol for years or you just don’t want to develop one. Cholesterol comes from fats, so to make sure that you get the right cholesterol, it’s better to eat the right fats.

You’ll find that all of the fats that come from meats are saturated fats, which means they will add to your LDL. Eat less of those meats, and choose leaner cuts when you do eat meat. You can get a much better type of fats, unsaturated fats, from sources like fish and nuts. The worst type of fat you can eat, trans fats, generally doesn’t come from animals at all. It’s more of a processed food issue, and can be found in tons of foods that come pre-packaged, especially junk food, and is always present in fried food. If you don’t manage anything else, cut out the trans fats from your diet.

Lots of Soluble Fiber

soluble fiber rich foodYou’ll find soluble fiber in places like oats, fruits, vegetables, and beans. Not only is fiber good for your digestive system and your heart, it’s also been shown to lower your LDL levels, making soluble fiber a multitasker. It’s also a good idea to add whey protein into your diet, as that’s also been known to lower your LDL and your overall cholesterol.

Exercise More

Diet is going to take you a long way in making your cholesterol better, but it won’t fix everything. Creating a good exercise routine is also vital to lowering your cholesterol to healthier levels. Exercising for just a half hour a day will boost your levels of HDL, the good form of cholesterol, and will help you manage your overall cholesterol more effectively. Cardio is the best type of exercise for your heart health, so think about incorporating a jog into your routine, taking breaks throughout your day to do some jumping jacks, or make time to go for a swim after work. It doesn’t really matter what you choose; literally any activity is forward progress, even if it’s just taking the stairs instead of the elevator.

Lose Weight

It does go hand in hand with exercising, and heart healthier foods will generally be healthier for your weight as well, but it’s still important enough to warrant its own category. When you’re obese, your body systems are out of whack with their natural rhythm, and have too much ground to regulate and manage. Part of that is your cholesterol; when looking inside the blood vessels of an obese person, you will always find excess cholesterol.

Quit Smoking

man breaking cigarette quit smokingNo, the tobacco companies didn’t put trans fats in your cigarettes, although I wouldn’t put it past them, no, the very act of smoking keeps your HDL levels lower, and since your HDL keeps LDL in check, that leads to higher cholesterol levels overall. Granted, if you’re smoking cigarettes in the information age, you already know that they’re not good for you and have made your peace with that, but if cholesterol is a new problem in your life and you’re not sure why, look to the pack in your pocket for a possible reason. Consider cholesterol just another reason that you need to quit.

Limited Alcohol Use

In small amounts, alcohol is actually good for your cholesterol. It actually boosts your HDL levels, so alcohol is not something that you need to avoid. However, those benefits have diminishing returns, and large amounts of alcohol consumption come with its own whole host of health troubles.