Pills Reviews


Reviewing male performance supplements is our favorite task to do. By the sheer number of male enhancement reviews that we published, it’s no secret that we are trying to look for the best and the worst in every brand that comes our way. This time, we’re going to review Male Ultracore – a new male performance supplement that promises to enhance your performance without increasing your erect penis size.

Wait – did we get that right? No size increase, but it promises a boost in performance?

Male performance supplements typically include at least a claim to increase the erect penis size, but Male Ultracore isn’t your typical male performance supplement. It does imply that you really don’t need size to make an impression; you already have what it takes to be exceptional in the bedroom, and you simply need to have the nutrients you need to pull it off.

Since Male Ultracore isn’t your run off the mill male performance supplement, we want to make this review as objective as possible. We opted to test the supplement ourselves to see if it can really revolutionize aphrodisiac supplements. We typically want to stay away from pills that do not increase the size, but at this point, we’re just curious as to why it doesn’t claim that it can increase size.

All in all, by the end of this review, you’ll learn a lot more about Male Ultracore, and you’ll have enough information to make an informed buying decision.

What you need to know about Male Ultracore

As previously mentioned, Male Ultracore isn’t a penis enlargement pill. We can probably say that it’s a souped-up version of an aphrodisiac. It’s actually surprising that men who used to buy penis enlargement pills now end up buying Male Ultracore after dealing with penis enlargement pills. It’s one of those mysteries that we tried to solve in this review.

What’s in Male Ultracore that makes men want to buy it?

If we would be guided by our previous choices in male performance, we’re inclined to think that Male Ultracore isn’t a special product at all since it doesn’t increase penis size. However, it rose to the top male performance lists in under a year, and that definitely says something about the product.

We read dozens of user reviews about Male Ultracore and discovered that Male Ultracore isn’t about increasing your hardware, it’s more about improving your sexual performance and experience altogether. You get to experience a heightened level of sexual arousal and satisfaction, and as a result, you automatically become a better lover in the bedroom, almost by instinct.

To cap it all off, Male Ultracore comes with a limited money-back guarantee for those who are willing to take the challenge. Basically, you have up to 90 days to try the product. If it doesn’t work as well as you hoped it would, you can simply return the remaining product for a full refund. It’s that simple.

How Male Ultracore Works

We consider ourselves experts in the field of sexual performance, but to understand the science behind Male Ultracore, we enlisted the help of one of our contributors who is familiar with the concept behind Male Ultracore.

According to our contributor, Male Ultracore is completely based on improving testosterone and retaining testosterone.

Testosterone boosters have been around since the 90s, and while it’s effective for a while, it dies off quickly. It’s one of the reasons why many do not take male performance pills seriously, because the results aren’t as impactful as the brand claims it to be.

However, with Male Ultracore, there is a significant improvement in testosterone that is sustained over time. Male Ultracore combines strong testosterone boosters with aromatase enzyme inhibitors to allow the body to retain testosterone more efficiently.

Testosterone is naturally converted into estrogen by the aromatase enzyme, and when testosterone production increases, so does estrogen. It’s like a yin-yang balance, but on a different scale. Estrogen causes erectile dysfunction and libido loss, which is probably why the first aphrodisiac formulas didn’t work as well as they thought it would. Male Ultracore, on the other hand, inhibits the aromatase enzyme, and thus effectively reduces the conversion of testosterone to estrogen.

Not only does Male Ultracore improve testosterone retention, it also reduces estrogen buildup, which eliminates another factor of poor sexual health in men. Altogether, the concept behind the product makes absolute sense, and we deemed it necessary to test the product itself to see if it’s as good as it is on paper.


We opted to test Male Ultracore for ourselves to objectively evaluate the pill. There is also a subjective factor to this review since we’ve tried the best pills that this industry has to offer, and we would know by experiencing the product for ourselves if it can match against the mainstream male performance pills available today.

Our experience with Male Ultracore was both odd and exciting. We didn’t feel like our subconscious was being controlled by our hormones – at least for myself, I can say that I felt nothing out of the ordinary when I took Male Ultracore. I was about to write Male Ultracore off, but my first sexual encounter after taking Male Ultracore definitely changed my opinion about the pill.

It was intense, it was pure, raw pleasure.

Having sex while on Male Ultracore was like sex on psychedelics – only you have full control over what you are doing and thinking, and your body simply experiences sex on a different level. It’s completely out of the ordinary.

I never felt so much pleasure and control at the same time. Imagine yourself at the peak of having an orgasm, yet you can control yourself completely to the point that you can hold it off indefinitely. That’s exactly how Male Ultracore worked for all of us who tried it.

As for performance, we learned that a man who experiences pleasure is more than capable of pleasuring their partners. We felt eager and motivated to make our partners experience the same pleasure that we are experiencing, which led to mutual sexual satisfaction.

Male Ultracore INGREDIENTS

Tongkat Ali

Tongkat Ali, or Eurycoma Longifolia, is one of the most prolific male performance ingredients on the market today. It simply does everything from improving testosterone to prolonging your erections. Male Ultracore has one of the purest extracts of Tongkat Ali available, and it made Tongkat Ali its core ingredient to enhance sexual performance. Male Ultracore combines Tongkat Ali with known synergizing ingredients such as Horny Goat Weed and L-Arginine to maximize libido and erection strength.


L-Arginine is a nitric oxide booster that is naturally-occurring in a man’s diet. L-Arginine normally helps restore a healthy blood pressure by controlling the dilation and contraction of blood vessels. In Male Ultracore, L-Arginine helps by eliminating occlusion and stenosis of the blood vessels to prevent erectile dysfunction. It also synergizes with Tongkat Ali and Horny Goat weed to improve the erection strength of the user.

Horny Goat Weed

Horny Goat Weed is perhaps the most common aphrodisiac in male performance. Its main component, Icariin, is responsible for increasing testosterone. It also has PDE-5 inhibitor properties that allow it to function like erectile dysfunction meds. Male Ultracore contains a 60% extract of Icariin, which is the purest form of Icariin that you can find on the market today.

Maca Root

Maca is an important ingredient in the formula as it helps enhance sexual stamina and control. Normally when a man experiences an orgasm, he cannot experience arousal for a certain period of time. Maca Root reduces this downtime after having an orgasm by inhibiting the neurotransmitters that prolong the downtime, allowing the user to become aroused even after having an orgasm.

Muira Puama

Male Ultracore can be taken as an instant erection pill, thanks to Muira Puama. Its fast-acting properties are absorbed by the body in just minutes, creating a pathway to kickstart the entire formula in less than an hour after taking a single dose.

Tribulus Terrestris

Perhaps the most important ingredient in the formula, Tribulus Terrestris puts everything together by prolonging the effects of testosterone in the body. It acts as an aromatase enzyme inhibitor to prevent the conversion of testosterone to estrogen, effectively maximizing libido and eliminating a factor that contributes to erectile dysfunction.

Damiana Extract

Damiana is a cognitive enhancer typically used to gain focus. When combined with a strong blend of aphrodisiacs such as in the formula of Male Ultracore, Damiana extract helps the user feel a stronger sense of pleasure and sexual satisfaction while maintaining focus to improve performance.


Male Ultracore is definitely not what we expected. We were prepared to be disappointed, but Male Ultracore took us on an experience that we were not prepared for. I personally didn’t think that sex could be as good as it was with Male Ultracore. However, it would have been better for Male Ultracore to include a size-boosting property to its formula, but we won’t hold it against those who created it. Although I am a strong believer that size contributes to performance, Male Ultracore had me thinking that performance isn’t all about size.

Did you know that approximately 300 million people worldwide have viral hepatitis without even knowing it? What’s worse is that millions of people go through their lives every day without experiencing any symptoms; They’re hepatitis can stay ‘undercover’ for years, if not more!

While many hepatitis patients can lead long and healthy lives, there are still cases of the illness out there that can cause life-threatening problems. Specific life-threatening problems generally affect the liver drastically, in turn, targeting and diminishing the body’s ability to digest food properly and filter out harmful toxins. This is why detecting hepatitis and treating hepatitis is vital to keeping up a good, healthy life.

So, let’s get right into everything you need to know about hepatitis.

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is a disease that targets and affects the liver. The most common types of hepatitis are types A, B, C, D, and E.

What you need to know and understand is that every form of hepatitis is completely different. They all affect people in drastically different ways. For some, the disease may go away on its own. For others, the disease may become chronic and last for a long time, in turn requiring medication to cure the person.

Prevention and treatment are different for each type. Let’s take a look at each type right now.

Hepatitis A

This type of hepatitis is the only one that cannot turn chronic and it’s transmitted through food and/or water that is contaminated by the virus. Typically, the virus gets into food and water through another person’s poop. Allow me to explain this a little bit further. If a person goes to the bathroom and doesn’t wash their hands afterward, the virus can then be spread.

Hepatitis A can also be transmitted by other means, too. For example, sexual intercourse and intravenous drug usage can pass the virus along.

Though hepatitis A is rarely found in the United States, we should still try to look out for it. You can do this early on in life by getting vaccinated when you’re a baby through your doctor’s office.

If you want to be more aware of this type of virus, watch out for symptoms like fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and dark urine. Hepatitis A only lasts a few weeks and it goes away on its own. If you’d like to have a speedy recovery, make sure you rest up, eat healthily, and drink a lot of fluids.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B generally clears up in adults within a few months. However, children under the age of 5 typically cannot get rid of the virus. Their bodies are too weak and unable to fend off the virus, therefore chronically infecting the child.

Hepatitis B can only be spread through bodily fluids such as blood and semen. Generally, the two main ways to get this type of hepatitis is by having unprotected sex or by sharing intravenous needles. Typically, babies contract the virus from their mothers if their mothers are infected.

As of today, over one million people in the United States have this strain of the virus in their bodies. Vaccines are available and they are given to newborns almost immediately after birth.

If you want to be more aware of this type of virus, watch out for symptoms like fever, fatigue, dark urine, jaundice, joint pain, and loss of appetite. Usually, people who have acute hepatitis B have these symptoms. On the other hand, those that have the chronic form tend to not experience any symptoms until later on in life, when they develop severe liver issues. At that point, symptoms such as jaundice and a swollen abdomen occur. There are antiviral medications for those that acquire the chronic version of the disease.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is spread through the blood and those that acquire the disease typically develop the chronic version of it. This version is primarily transmitted through intravenous needles, which makes it more common in heroin and opioid addicts. And, unfortunately, according to the CDC, there are somewhere between 2.5 and 4 million people in the United States with the disease.

There is no vaccine on the market for hepatitis C. However, it can be prevented by using a condom during sex, by making sure your tattoo artist uses a clean needle, and by not sharing needles when using drugs.

Unfortunately, people who have the disease will not experience symptoms. If you happen to have the acute version, you may experience a little bit of joint pain or fatigue. On the other hand, if you happen to have the chronic version, you probably won’t experience symptoms until the disease has seriously progressed. At that point, symptoms such as dark bruises and severe liver damage may arise. As for treatment, antiviral medications are the only thing that can help acute and chronic hepatitis C forms.

Hepatitis D

The only way people can be infected with hepatitis D is if they’ve been infected with hepatitis B. This can happen in one of two ways:

  1. Both types can be contracted at the same time through blood or bodily fluids
  2. A person can have hepatitis B first and then be infected with hepatitis D later on

Just like other types of the virus, hepatitis D can be either acute or chronic.

Though hepatitis D is less common than other forms, the CDC still recommends that we look out for symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, and dark urine. Symptoms typically don’t show up until liver damage has already ensued, and the only way to avoid getting this form is by getting the hepatitis B vaccine at a young age.

The only treatment is through a medication known as interferons. Interferons boost the person’s immune system, but they do not help cure the patient.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is generally contracted in developing nations, where people drink contaminated water. There is no prevention for this type and there are minimal symptoms.


By Jenny Lyn

Safe sex shouldn’t be a foreign notion for anyone who is sexually active. Even though sex is a part of a healthy life, unprotected sex can disrupt anyone’s health. Without safety, people can contract STDs and STIs, or unwanted pregnancies. Neither of these situations are fun to be in.

Condoms and birth controls are effective ways to practice safe sex. While birth controls only protect against unwanted pregnancies, condoms can protect against both pregnancies and STDs. The downside is that condoms are much less effective than birth controls because they can break or slip. Birth controls can cause hormonal shifts in women, though. It’s up to the people involved to decide how much protection they need and what kind to use.

Different brands and types of both products are available, but they are not all the same. They each have their pros and cons. It’s all about the person’s body. The same way some women can be allergic to certain birth controls, they can develop allergic reactions to condoms.


Condom allergy is not that uncommon. Both men and women can develop it, but it’s more common among women. Symptoms include vaginal irritation, burning, and itching. In more severe cases, the person can have rash, swelling, and hives in places that were not in contact with the condom.

These are signs of a condom allergy if they happen after every sexual encounter. They don’t have to happen immediately after sex. Sometimes, it takes about 48 hours for any signs to appear. Most of the symptoms are also related to other infections, so it’s best to consult with a doctor to be certain. In rare cases, the person can have anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction that includes difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing and swelling of the face.

Condom allergy is mostly due to the latex fabric in the condom. It may also be due to the spermicides found in lubricants. The allergic reaction is not a reason to forgo safe sex, though. There are plenty of another type of condoms available for people who are allergic to the common latex ones.

Female condoms (FC2)

Female condoms provide the same level of protection as male condoms. They protect against both pregnancies and STDs. They’re the only type of condoms women can wear. The size of the man’s penis doesn’t matter since it’s quite large and flexible. They don’t slip as most male condoms do. They also provide better heat transmission and simulation, and a natural feel.

They have a flexible, soft plastic pouch that can be inserted inside the vagina. They have two lubricated rings (one on each side) to help with staying in place. They are made with either nitrile or polyurethane. Neither of these chemicals causes allergic reactions. There’s also no latex odor. They can be inserted prior to any sexual activities, so everything will be ready when it’s time to move things to the bedroom.

Lambskin condoms

The most important fact about lambskin condoms is that they are not effective against viruses. Therefore, they should only be used if STIs and STDs are not an issue. Other than that, they are a good alternative to latex condoms. They are made from lambs’ intestines, specifically the cecum, and are completely natural. They are the only option made entirely of animal products. They don’t have the irritating proteins found in latex condoms. However, they have many tiny holes that make it too porous against viruses.

Those condoms are the best at conducting heat inside them. They have a really tight fits and can be used with any lubricant. They feel almost like a second skin to the men wearing them. They are also biodegradable, so think about the good it’s doing for the environment and the animals. Lambskin condoms, also known as natural condoms, are the oldest form of condoms. They’ve come very far now. Trojan is the only brand that is currently carrying them. They are made very thin, even then they cannot conquer the smell. They’re also more expensive than most other condoms. They are simply not for everybody.

Polyurethane condoms

Although polyurethane condoms are the most popular non-latex condoms, their price tag goes along with the lambskin condoms. They are made from s special type of plastic. They don’t cause allergies and can reduce the risk of both pregnancies and STDs.

These condoms are thinner and more elastic. They can be stored longer than most other condoms. They are less sensitive to temperature and UV lighting. They also transfer heat from condom to the skin for a better experience. The one downside is that it’s not as form fitting as other condoms. They are looser, so they slip and break more easily. Thus, they are unsuitable for any act that’s on the rougher side. It’s recommended to use them with water-based or silicone-based lubricant.

Polyisoprene condoms

Polyisoprene condoms are the newcomers of the condom world. They just got approved by the FDA in 2008. They are less known and sold in fewer locations than the others. They are very similar to latex condoms. They are made from the same materials, but lab scientists have an engineered a way to destroy the proteins that latex condoms have. These proteins are the main cause of the allergic reactions.

Polyisoprene condoms are thicker than other condom options, but they are more resistant to breakage. Their thickness doesn’t take any benefits away from them. They are also stretchier and provide a better fit. They are as soft and enjoyable as other condom options.

Sex is supposed to be pleasurable, not painful. It’s part of life, and it’s important to assure that it’s as healthy as possible. Getting to know yourself and your body is the only way to be healthy and happy.

Condom allergies are real, and they can become vital if you let. That’s why it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider as soon as you notice any of the stated symptoms. It may as well be a matter of life and death.

Although we usually talk about how negative body image affects women, it’s also a real and serious issue for men. Around 63% of guys said that they always feel like they could stand to lose weight, and 53% don’t like having their picture taken because they worry about how they’ll look. Feeling better about yourself and your body is a challenge, and it gets especially complicated when you’ve been trying to lose weight.

What Is Body Image?

Body image is how you think and feel about your body and your perceptions of your appearance. Many men struggle with negative body image and worry about not measuring up to others’ expectations of how men should look that they see in movies, advertisements, and even kids’ action figures. These expectations include pressure to be tall and both muscular and lean.

How Negative Body Image Affects Your Weight

People with negative body image, who see themselves as overweight or out of shape, often feel motivated to lose weight. But studies have shown that negative body image makes it harder for you to lose weight and makes it more likely that you’ll gain it back. This happens because poor body image drives you to try fast but ineffective weight loss methods, like crash dieting for a short period of time. These approaches don’t get at the underlying feelings and concerns that cause negative body image. You may still feel self-conscious or inadequate and lapse into comfort eating or bingeing.

When you feel bad about yourself, it’s harder to stay motivated to follow a diet and exercise routine, especially one that’s intense, highly restrictive, and not sustainable in the long term like a crash diet. Giving up on your weight loss efforts and falling back into your normal behaviors will make you feel even more demoralized, making a vicious cycle of low self-esteem, brief and overly intense weight loss regimens, and returning to old habits and/or gaining back the weight you lost, and experiencing more low self-esteem because you failed to meet your unrealistic weight loss goals.

Having a negative body image also affects other areas of your life, as for how you perceive yourself affects how you interact with others and approach different activities and challenges. For example, if you feel self-conscious about your body, you may avoid social activities because you think that your friends and acquaintances look better than you and will judge you. This feeling can also prevent you from reaching out to make new relationships and make you reluctant to date or seek out new opportunities at work. Feeling bad about your appearance can affect other areas of your self-esteem. You may hope that reaching unrealistic standards for your body will make you a better, more valuable person overall, and then feel even more inadequate when you don’t meet your goals. If you do lose weight, you might still “feel fat” or feel insecure about yourself as a person.

The yo-yo cycle of weight loss and weight gain you experience from trying to lose weight with a poor body image also affects your health. In particular, it can increase your risk of developing heart disease and other cardiovascular problems. Dieting can also make it more likely that you’ll develop a serious eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia.

Improving Your Body Image

Developing a more positive body image, on the other hand, can help you lose some weight and keep it off. When you approach health and weight loss from a more positive and accepting position, it’s easier to develop a healthier lifestyle that’s good for your body, and that makes you feel good about yourself. A positive body image takes out the elements of guilt, shame, and self-criticism that make dieting with poor body image so hurtful and ineffective.

What Does Positive Body Image Look Like?

Someone with a positive body image has a healthy and accepting relationship with their body. They have a realistic, non-judgmental idea of what their body looks like, and a realistic understanding of what healthy people and bodies can look like. They don’t spend a lot of time evaluating their body, checking for flaws, or comparing themselves to others. Having positive body image doesn’t mean that you think your body is perfect or that you always think you look great, but it does mean that whatever dissatisfaction you have with your appearance doesn’t get in the way of living your life.

Ways to develop a more positive body image

Changing the way you look at yourself takes time and work. With effort, you can become more, positive, accepting, and non-judgmental towards your body. Some common techniques include:

Changing the way you talk about yourself: Negative body image depends on self-criticism, a voice inside yourself that highlights your perceived flaws, tells you that you’re worthless, and blames you for not trying hard enough to change. These negative comments make you feel worse about yourself and ignore how hard you may be working to lose weight. Pay attention to how you talk to yourself. When you notice that you’re self-critical and unrealistic, take a step back and ask yourself, “Is this true? Is this realistic? Why am I thinking this way about myself? Is this how I would talk to someone else?”

You can also work to replace the critical voice in the back of your head with an understanding and supportive one. Come up with a list of things that you like about your appearance, and things that you appreciate about your body beyond your looks. Focus instead on what your body allows you to do — go fishing, hug loved ones, play with your kids, walk your dog, and so on. Remind yourself of these positives when you find yourself thinking negatively about your body; even if it doesn’t meet idealized standards, it works for you. Over time, this way of thinking will come more naturally to you, and you’ll experience self-criticism about your body less often.

Embracing “Health At Every Size:” The Health at Every Size philosophy emphasizes that weight and size are not the same as health. Not all overweight or obese people are “unhealthy” and not all thin or average-size people are “healthy” because there are many factors that determine both weight and health. With this in mind, you can try shifting your focus from strictly losing weight to emphasizing behaviors and activities that contribute to your overall health, like eating a nutritious (and not necessarily calorie-restricted) diet and finding physical activities that you enjoy. Prioritize things that make you feel good, physically and emotionally. Embracing overall health can help you lose weight in a healthy way that won’t make you feel restricted or ashamed, and that’s part of a healthy lifestyle.

Remembering that size doesn’t determine health can also help change your attitudes towards other people and their bodies. When negative body image makes you compare yourself to others, you’re likely to assume that everyone slimmer than you is healthy and perfect, and also to blame people heavier than you for their weight or assume there’s something wrong with them. Instead, you can acknowledge that everyone’s body is different and that everyone you see has health and lifestyle routines and circumstances that you can’t assume.

Talking to your friends: One of the hardest things about negative body image is feeling alone in your struggles. This is especially true for men because men are discouraged from talking about their feelings, which can feed into your own self-criticism. Chances are, most or all of your friends and coworkers have some concerns about their own appearance and body image, including those whom you compare yourself to. And it’s likely that they feel like they can’t talk about it. Starting the conversation with friends, you feel comfortable with can help them open up as well and allow you all to provide support and perspective.

If you’re a man over twenty-five, you might want to find an exercise you can keep up with as you get older. Let’s just say it’s easy as riding a bike.

Question: Why cycling?

Answer: Cycling is a non-impact sport. If you’re recovering from an injury or have joint or bone problems such as arthritis, non-impact exercises are perfect. These types of exercises do not involve running, which is very strenuous on the joints.

Because of its easiness on the joints, cycling is ideal for an older crowd. Cycling also involves sitting, which already can take some of the stress off your back and legs. These reasons prove why there are cyclists who are well into their senior years.

Question: What are the physical benefits of cycling?

Answer: While cycling and running are two different exercises, cycling can deliver the same physical benefits of running. It strengthens your lower body, specifically targeting your quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, and glutes. These muscles contract when you pedal. If you want to work on your lower body, cycling is a prime option.

Additionally, cycling greatly improves your cardiovascular health. Benefits of cardiovascular exercise include weight loss, stronger heart and lungs, decreased chance of heart disease and some types of cancer, and better sleep. Cycling helps get your heart pumping because you’re putting the largest muscles in your body at work. Finally, cycling can improve your endurance and speed, especially if you are riding long-distance.

Question: What are the mental benefits of cycling?

Answer: Not only will you reap physical benefits from cycling, but there are several ways cycling boosts your mental health. Any exercise releases endorphins, which trigger positive feelings. There has also been some research that suggests exercising regularly can help with stress, anxiety, and depression.

An obvious but overlooked perk to cycling is connecting with nature. Riding a bicycle offers a sense of freedom to explore the great outdoors. While pedaling by, you can look at beautiful trees and valleys while smelling the crisp, fresh air. There are also international biking tours, where you can ride to famous landmarks.

Cycling can increase confidence as well. Once you get the hang of it, you will start feeling more confident in your physical and mental capability. Setting small goals for yourself, even as small as biking around the block once, can promote confidence and a positive outlook once you accomplish them.

Question: I’ve heard cycling causes damage to the male sex organs. Is this true?

Answer: Scientists have tried to make a connection between cycling with a few men’s health problems, such as erectile dysfunction. However, new research suggests cycling causes absolutely no damage to the sexual or urinary functions of men. This new research used a larger sample size to get more accurate and factual results.

These past studies that suggest pressure from saddles can compromise blood flow or cause minor injuries (that could lead to more serious injuries) were not sufficient enough. The new study confirms that cycling only poses a small risk to men’s sexual and urological functions the risk to the sexual and urological function of male cyclists. According to one researcher, the cardiovascular benefits of cycling supports and may even improve sexual performance rather than hurt it.

Question: From races like Tour De France, isn’t cycling difficult, or only for those who compete?

Answer: Cycling isn’t only for the professionals. When watching such long and competitive races on television, it’s understandable to perceive cycling as a difficult sport. However those people train for months, even years, before embarking on a 2,200 mile ride. In reality, anybody can take up cycling as long as he or she has a bike and a desire to commit.

Like any sport, there are varying levels of difficulty. You can ride recreationally before working your way up to riding in long-distance races, if that’s what you wish. Once you get comfortable with riding on a flat road, you can challenge yourself by choosing a route with more hills, or even trying mountain biking.

Question: Great, cycling seems like my type of gig! How do I get started?

Answer: To begin your cycling journey, you should first visit a good bike shop near you. The workers can help select the right type of bicycle and make sure it fits you properly. An improper fit can cause discomfort and future injuries. Don’t shy away from asking any questions you have, such as how to take care of your bike, necessary equipment, etc.

Safety is the most important element of cycling. Helmets aren’t just for children. Always wear a helmet and other protective gear, such as elbow and knee pads, when riding. If you go out at night, wear bright colors or a reflective vest so cars can easily see you in the darkness. Another precaution to take during the evening is by installing a light between your handlebars or on your wheels.

Second, look for trails nearby. When you’re driving to work or walking your dog, keep your eyes peeled for any scenic routes. Official trails will have a sign and a map designating the path as a safe and public bike or walking trail. If you’re creating your own path, make sure it is safe, and is clear of any obstacles in the middle of the road.

Finding bike clubs to join may make you more motivated to ride. Any activity is easier and more fun with others. Soon enough, your fellow riders can become good friends. You can also enter races or rides for charity together as a team. Ways to find a bike club near you is to go online or ask around at the local bike shop, gym, or recreation center.

While any form of exercise comes with benefits, cycling is ideal for men over twenty-five. It is a sport you can practice at age thirty, sixty, and beyond. Whether you decide to cycle for fun or enter races, you will feel better about yourself physically and mentally. So strap on your helmet and go hit the trails!

Science has told us repeatedly that we do things, or eat/drink things, that make us hungrier. Do we ever listen? No. Why don’t we ever listen? We’re stubborn. Will we ever listen? Maybe after reading this article. Okay, I think you get the question/answer game by now.

Seriously, though. We need to start listening and understanding these things (for lack of a better, casual term). We need to put up our metaphorical fists of hunger and fight the urge to eat all the time. In order to do that, we must know how to stop it.

And I know you know what I’m here to do: Help you out! Follow my advice and you won’t be getting hungry for a snack every so often.

Stop drinking so much soda.

Ever heard of high-fructose corn syrup? Well, this lovely (or not-so-lovely, however you look at it) product is in drinks like soda, iced teas, and other beverages that are filled with sweetie goodness. Don’t underestimate this syrup though, as it can drastically lower your ability to have a full tummy (yes, I said tummy).

Anyways, consuming such syrup with high levels of fructose in it actually blocks our brains ability to respond to a hormone known as leptin. Leptin, also known as the hormone that tells us when we’re full, is therefore lessened in the body, creating a reverse affect; We aren’t full any longer when we consume the syrupy product!

Put that soda down; If you really like the carbonated beverage, grab yourself a seltzer water.

Stop eating foods that come out of a can.

A lot of food that comes out of a can generally contains the chemical known as bisphenol-A, or BPA. According to the FDA, consuming low levels of BPA is safe, but consuming high levels of BPA is not so safe; Therefore, exit canned foods, enter healthier foods.

In addition to soda and other sweetened beverages, canned foods also decrease the levels of leptin in your body. In other words, eating food that comes out of a can once again create a reverse affect, allowing you to be hungrier more often.

To put it in the simplest terms I can, I’ll just tell you to stop eating canned goods. Why? Because they’ll make you crave more and in turn promote weight gain.

Start eating a bigger breakfast.

Saying breakfast is the most important meal of the day is not a cliché, it’s actually the truth. And I can assure you that drinking one cup of coffee for your breakfast won’t do the trick.

Recent studies have actually shown that the less calories you eat in the morning, the hungrier you’ll be throughout the day. In fact, the study went as far as to say that those who ate meals worth 250 calories for breakfast gained almost double the amount of weight versus those that ate 500 calories for breakfast.

To scientifically back these results up, medical professionals claimed that eating a bigger breakfast actually stops your blood sugar from rising throughout the day, meaning you have less hunger cravings throughout the day.

Want a tip? Add some meat to your breakfast and you’ll be better off.

Eat more salad (if you eat salad).

Leafy greens that are often found in salads are high in the vitamin K. And, vitamin K helps regulate insulin, which in turn helps regulate cravings.

Want another tip? Eat approximately one cup of kale or spinach per day and you’ll be on your way to eating the right amount of salad to settle those cravings.

Drink more tea.

According to another medical study, tea helps out with hunger cravings. As a matter of fact, drinking one cup of black tea right after consuming a meal high in carbohydrates can actually decrease your blood sugar levels by approximately 10 percent. This means your tummy stays full for a longer period of time.

Drink more water.

Being dehydrated fuels your need for food, which obviously fuels your need for cravings. Allow me to explain to you in scientific terms: When you’re dehydrated, your hypothalamus, located in your brain, sends a signal to your body. Your hypothalamus is the center of control for your hunger and thirst levels, which in turn makes this whole process a tad confusing. Allow me to explain further.

The hypothalamus sends you mixed signals when you’re dehydrated. This, in turn, allows you to think that you’re really hungry, when you’re really not.

So, if you’re still hungry even though you just ate a really big meal, grab a glass of water. I’m pretty sure your craving will fade away in a few minutes.

You may be bored.

Believe it or not, being bored can seriously encourage your cravings, and can seriously lead to major weight gain. In fact, many people overeat when they’re bored.

Want yet another tip? Picture a nice, juicy steak right in front of you. If you really, really want that steak, go order it. If you don’t, you probably just need a distraction.

Stop drinking alcohol so much.

Everyone obviously knows that alcohol can really contribute to weight gain. However, alcohol does some other not-so-good things, too. For instance, alcohol feeds you calories while also feeding you no nutritional value. In addition, it can also convince you that you’re hungry, when in reality, you really aren’t.

Try not to stress out as much.

Stress eating is real, and it’s serious. Chances are, if you were really stressed out at work today, you’re probably going to go home and eat a lot. For example, when you’re stressed out, your brain is automatically triggered to release the hormone cortisol. Once that’s released, your body will start to crave delicious, sugary treats. It may even tempt you to go hand first into a bag of salty, crispy potato chips.

Tip? Try to reduce your anxiety and always carry healthy snacks on you instead of sugary or salty ones.

I hope you liked my advice as always!


By Jenny Lyn

When you diet, you probably know that you should increase your protein intake and decrease your carbohydrate intake, but some carbohydrates are actually extremely important for your health, especially the complex sugars that you get from fruits and vegetables. Although it is not generally thought of as a carb, fiber is actually a type of carbohydrate that you probably do not want to avoid and you need about 25 grams of it every single day. Fiber is famous for helping with digestive health and it can help with preventing many common chronic illnesses, so when you are looking for a healthy meal or snack, you definitely want to keep your fiber intake in mind. Here are some healthy foods that you want to pay extra attention to because they have high amounts of fiber.

Nuts Are Not Just Good For Their Protein Content

Most people choose to eat nuts because they are a crunchy snack that is high in protein. Peanuts and almonds are a good replacement for unhealthy snacks and toppings like potato chips and croutons. However, most people forget to consider that many different types of nuts have both fiber and protein. Almonds have a relatively high fiber content compared to other nuts, containing about as much fiber as it contains proteins. Almonds also have the added benefit of containing crucial minerals and vitamins including magnesium and vitamin E. Because of all the nutrients, almonds have been shown to help in preventing cardiovascular diseases, neurological decline, diabetes, obesity, cancer, inflammation, depression, and other mental health concerns. They are also good for your skin, blood sugar, digestive system, bones, and teeth. Chestnuts, pine nuts, pistachios, hazelnuts, pecans, macadamia nuts, peanuts, and Brazil nuts are also very good sources of fiber.

Use the Fiber Found In Fruits to Settle Your Sweet Tooth

When you have sugar cravings on a diet, you may turn to granola bars or even fiber bars because they sound healthier than common sugary snacks, but these bars are often candy bars in disguise. Sweet and tasty fruits are definitely a better way to deal with sugar cravings. Additionally, the fiber in foods like fruits is digested slowly, which prevents you from getting hungry later. Most fruits and berries have a pretty high fiber content, but some fruits have a higher concentration of it. Raspberries have about eight grams of fiber and they also have many antioxidants and vitamins. Eight grams is twice the amount of fiber found in an entire apple, but apples do have some fiber and they have many other healthy nutrients like antioxidants.

Avocados, which are known for being a good source of healthy types of fats that work to manage your cholesterol, are also a good source of healthy carbohydrates because they contain plenty of fiber. Avocados are gaining popularity in many diets from all the nutrients that they contain and because there are a lot of ways to eat avocado. It can be used as a spread, mixed into guacamole, added to your salad, and more. The fat in avocados can help you absorb the nutrients in other plants that you might eat for their fiber content.

Seeds Are a Versatile and Nutritious Source of Protein

Many types of seeds are popular in fad diets for their high antioxidants and protein content, but many of these seeds often contain plenty of fiber as well. Flaxseeds, for example, are a good source of fiber that you can use as a topping for your salad or yogurt. Likewise, chia seeds are a versatile food that are packed with about eight grams of fiber. You can put lentils in soups or salads and they contain about fifteen grams of fiber and about the same amount of protein.

If you are looking to increase your iron content, beans have a lot of iron and the fiber content in most beans is about equal to the fiber content in lentils. Soybeans, meanwhile, contain seventeen grams of fiber and are also a popular source of protein, especially for vegans and vegetarians because soy products like tofu are often used as a substitute for meat products. Of course, soy products can be healthy for meat eaters as well and anyone looking to increase their fiber intake should consider adding some soy products of their diet.

Always Remember To Eat Your Vegetables

Of course, every diet will require you to eat some vegetables because vegetables can be packed with proteins and other healthy nutrients. Many vegetables will also be a good source of fiber. Broccoli is a common staple in a healthy diet and it is associated with increasing your muscle mass. It is very popular from its protein content and because it is very low in calories, but it also contains about five grams of fiber and it is rich a few other important nutrients as well that help with the health of your digestive system and musculoskeletal system. They have many antioxidants to help prevent stress and inflammation, which can eventually cause diseases like cancer, obesity, impotence, infertility, diabetes, dementia, and more.

Meanwhile, sweet potatoes might be starchy, but that should not discourage you from adding sweet potatoes to your diet because they are a very common source of fiber and they also have many electrolytes and vitamins. In fact, some nutritionists say that, if you could only eat one food for the rest of your life, then you might want to choose to eat sweet potatoes. Therefore, while you might start avoiding regular potatoes from their starch content, you might not want to be so quick to dismiss sweet potatoes.

Fiber helps with your digestive system and a healthy digestive system is the first step in making sure that you have all the appropriate nutrients in your body. Without fiber, your digestive health can decline, which may result in many health concerns, so you should consider slowly adding some more fiber in your diet if you think you might not be getting enough. Luckily, many common diet foods have plenty of fiber.


Probiotics are great for your gut health, but should you be taking a probiotic supplement? Or should you be taking a different type of supplement? Ever since probiotics were deemed good for you, it seems as if they are found on every store shelf. To know if they are right for you, here are a few examples.

You Have Certain Conditions

If you have gastrointestinal problems, you can probably take a probiotic to help. Many times people with irritable bowel syndrome can benefit from probiotics. Probiotics can also help to treat some allergies, anxiety, and potentially obesity. Since probiotics are good for your gut health, some conditions can truly benefit from them.

You Are On Antibiotics

Antibiotics kill bacteria, and probiotics are gut healthy bacteria. Once these are gone, harmful pathogens can start to build up. A good thing about antibiotics is that while you are taking them you are not at risk, but once you stop taking them it takes a while for probiotics to build back up.

No, If You Are Healthy

Probiotics won’t hurt you, but you also do not need to add more if you do not have to. To have healthy levels of bacteria in your gut, just let your gut do its thing. It won’t harm you to eat fermented foods like yogurt or kimchi, which are high probiotics, but you do not need to take a supplement. Fermented food can have some serious health benefits for you, but you should not be focused on only the probiotics in the food.

If You Want Supplements…

If want to start taking supplements for your health, here are some of the best ones out there.


Multivitamins can help with just about anything. They cover most of the basics that you need for your daily dose of vitamins and minerals. If you think you need to take supplements, start with multivitamins and play it safe. Make sure that you talk to your doctor before you start taking any new vitamins, but your doctor will most likely encourage you to take these.

Vitamin B and Vitamin D

Vitamin B and vitamin D can help if you are tired or feel out of sync. Vitamin D and B can help immune and bone health. Most cells have receptors for these vitamins, so they are good to take no matter what. If you are very active, these are great vitamins to help you feel good all the time.


Did you know that the most effective thing in your pre-workout supplement is caffeine? Especially before the gym, try caffeine. Caffeine is a good way to get your blood pumping before the gym. You should be drinking caffeine about one hour before you hit the gym. Do not overdo it with caffeine, as your heart can beat too fast while working out and potentially cause a heart attack. Caffeine in small amounts is very beneficial to you in the gym. You should be consuming only about 300 milligrams before you hit the gym.

Carbohydrate Supplements

When it comes to working out carb supplements are very beneficial to you. I would not suggest carb supplements if you are not an avid gym goer, but they can be beneficial if you burn a lot of carbs on a regular basis. Carb supplements can take the place of glucose polymers, which help your muscles after a workout or under stress. If you regularly have long workouts, carb supplements may be very beneficial to you. There are a lot of different brands and types of carb supplements out there. Make sure to do your homework before you go pick up carb supplements. You should be taking your carb supplements while you are working out, especially if your workout is going to last about an hour or more. There is no set amount, but talk to your doctor about how much of this supplement you should take.


Creatine helps your body to create ATP, which can help with energy, especially when you are working out. Creatine is perfectly safe if you are taking it in the right amounts. For example, if the recommended dosage is only one pill, only take one pill. As a small warning, men who eat a lot of red meat tend to not react well to creatine supplements. This is because red meat already contains creatine, so your body is probably already getting enough creatine. You should only have about 5 grams of creatine a day and this really adds up if you are eating red meat and taking supplements.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Omega 3 fatty acids are good fats. They can help you out if you are feeling fatigued after a long workout. You can find omega 3 fatty acids naturally in fatty fish, like salmon, nuts, and many seeds. If you are very active, it is a good idea to add these fatty acids to your diet. They can help to reduce the soreness that you experience after a workout. They are very effective for endurance athletes, since they generally have long and demanding workouts. If you need more than what is naturally found in foods, you can take an omega 3 supplement. You should only be taking about 1,000 milligrams a day.


Magnesium is very helpful for your sleep patterns. Your sleep is essential to your health. If you are not getting enough sleep, your brain suffers and your body does too. Not only do you have memory loss and concentration problems, but your muscles will not have time to recover after a workout. The time that your muscles repair themselves the most is while you are sleeping. You need to make sure that you are getting enough sleep and magnesium supplements can help with this. You should be taking this about 30 minutes to an hour before bed.

Talk to your doctor before you add any new supplements to your diet. It is very important that you check with your doctor so that you do not have any ill side effects.


No matter what stage you are in life, it is important that you should be eating healthy foods daily. Healthy foods help your body to regenerate cells, tissues, and keep you strong. Even if you want to continue eating some less than healthy foods, you should still try to add some of these foods to your daily diet. If you want to have a healthy diet and lifestyle, there are a few foods that you should be eating daily.


Spinach may not be your first choice, but it has some awesome vitamins and minerals in it. It is filled with plant based omega 3s and folate. Both of these nutrients can help to reduce heart disease, osteoporosis, and stroke. Folate can also help with your blood flow. This not only helps your cardiovascular health, but it can also help your sexual health. Since there is a better blood flow down there, you can be better protected against age-related diseases and issues. Spinach also contains lutein which can help your muscles stay strong. You can add this to your daily routine by making salads with spinach, with your breakfast, on pizza, or mix it with various sauces. You can also eat kale, bok choy, or romaine lettuce as easy substitutes.


bowls of creamy greek yogurt is good with ProgentraYogurt has many health benefits. Yogurt is filled with probiotics that help to reinforce your gut health. They can also help to boost your immune system and protect against various cancers. Make sure that the yogurt that you are buying has probiotics in it, it will say it on the label. For example, Greek yogurt is full of probiotics while Daminals, the children’s yogurt, is a little more questionable. You can eat yogurt as a snack and add different fresh fruits to it, nuts, seeds, or to sweeten it, honey. Yogurt is also a good base for salad dressings and dips. You can substitute yogurt with kefir or soy yogurt if you are dairy free.


Tomatoes are packed with antioxidants, specifically lycopene. You can eat tomatoes fresh or canned, because lycopene is very easy for the body to absorb. Lycopene can help to risk your risk of various conditions and diseases. These can include, prostate, lung, stomach, bladder and skin cancers. It can also help to reduce your risk of artery disease. You can get what you need from tomatoes in processed foods like ketchup or spaghetti sauce. You can also get your tomato intake from tomato juices.


No matter what the color, carrots are very good for you. Carrots are filled with carotenoids, which can help to reduce the risk of many cancers. Carotenoids can also help to reduce the risk of inflammatory condition. These conditions can include anything from asthma to rheumatoid arthritis. You should be eating about ½ a cup of carrots daily. You can eat them raw or you can get your carrot intake from carrot cake. You should probably not eat carrot cake daily though. You can also substitute sweet potatoes, butternut squash, pumpkin, mangoes, or yellow bell peppers.


Blueberries have a ton of antioxidants, making them very good for you. Blueberries have more antioxidants than other fruit that is grown in North America. They can help to prevent diabetes, memory changes, and cancers. Blueberries are also rich in fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, and can help your cardiovascular health. You can get your daily blueberry intake by eating them raw, frozen, dried, in jams, muffins, really anything as long as it has blue berries in it! You can substitute blueberries with acai berries, prunes, raisins, purple grapes, or strawberries.

Black Beans

spoonful of black beans from bowlBeans are good for your heart in general, but black beans are also good for your brain health. They are full of anthocyanins which can improve brain function. Not only are they good for your brain, they are also low in calories and have no saturated fat. You will also get a small amount of protein every time you eat black beans. You should be eating about ½ a cup of black beans daily if you want to improve your brain health and your heart health. You can substitute black beans with peas, lentils, and kidney, fava, pinto, and lima beans.


All nuts are good for you, but walnuts are especially good for you. They have more omega 3s than salmon. Walnuts have more anti-inflammatory properties than red wine. They also have half as much protein as chicken. The reason walnuts are here is because other nuts only have one or two of these factors instead of all three. You can sprinkle walnuts on top of salads, add chopped walnuts to pancake or waffle batter, mix grinded walnuts into olive oil to make a marinade, or put walnuts in your peanut butter. You can substitute walnuts with almonds, peanuts, macadamia nuts, hazelnuts, or pistachios.


Oats have soluble fibers, which means that your body has an easier time processing foods from these fibers. These fibers can also help to lower your risk of heart disease. Oats may have carbs, but they are a good counteractant to the fiber that they have. Oats also have a lot of protein in them. You can eat granola bars and get your daily oat intake. You can also sprinkle oats on top of yogurt, cereals, or salads. You can substitute oats with flaxseed, wild rice, or quinoa.

Before you begin adding new foods to your daily diet, you should have a conversation with your nutritionist about it. Your nutritionist will be able to help you determine how beneficial these foods will be to you. They will also be able to help you determine portion sizes of these foods and how often you should really be eating them. They may even have ideas of other foods to add to your diet that you may want to add to your diet more than the foods listed here.


        The computer programming field used to be female-dominated. From the ENIAC, the first digital computer to NASA to the first operating system, programmers were female. Grace Hopper said in the 1967 issue of Cosmopolitan that, “Women are ‘naturals’ at computer programming.”

        But, this fact was not realized. In the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s programming was not a glamorous position or paid well. Though it was just as demanding, intensive, and complex as it is now, actually more so, considering they were using languages like Assembly and COBOL, programming was a menial job relegated to women. Considered to be a clerical job, the real prestige and high pay were reserved for those who were allowed to build the hardware, i.e. the men, rather than for those who would build the software that ran on the computer. In the United Kingdom and the U.S., women were essentially banned from building hardware while the Soviet Union recognized women’s skills and employed them to construct the first computer in 1951. This digital behemoth was a great feat of many brilliant minds.

        With women dominating the field, programming was presumed to be nothing but a plug-and-play field where the plans were already drawn up and just needed a feminine touch to execute them. Systemic sexism led to the downplaying of women’s skills and their immense contribution to the computing world.


        But, this all changed in the late 1960’s when men entered the field. After skipping over this field, this “women’s work”, men realized just how much complexity was needed to program a computer. The sheer levels of highly complex analysis, testing, planning, research and debugging were now promising career options. Though the core of programming stayed the same, this influx of men transformed the field of computer programming into a prestigious, male-dominated, career path that was highly sought after. And with this prestige programming became a highly paid field that few women would be a part of. Rather than a clerical position, it became a field that needed high levels of mathematical ability. So, now, as of 2013, just a quarter of the computer programming field is female. Just a quarter. The tables have turned and most girls and women feel they don’t have “the brain” for programming. It is regarded as a field that needs systematic male brains. This limits the field because it has removed the inventors of computer programming.

        Though this article will focus on the field of computer programming, other fields have also swapped genders. The enduring pattern? When a field becomes male-dominated it gains prestige and a higher salary, but when it becomes female-dominated the prestige and salary lower.

        This is due to the devaluation of women and their contributions to society, at all levels of occupation, in most areas of the world.



At this time in history, 2018, computer programmers have a very distinctive look. Male, young, hoodies, highly paid, antisocial. But, where did this representation come from?

female programmer working while colleagues look onWhen Grace Hopper was interviewed by Cosmopolitan in 1967, the computer programming field was already leaning towards male domination. The 1950s and 1960s were filled with aptitude tests and personality profiles to help the selection process of job candidates. These tests greatly pushed the shift of the programming field from female to male domination. Most hiring managers believed these tests to be objective, but, in truth, they targeted certain stereotypical characteristics rather than the applicant’s suitability for the job. These characteristics were male-oriented so women did not fit the profile.

In addition, tests like the IBM PAT focused on mathematical ability, though leaders in the industry said these skills weren’t needed to succeed in modern programming. To back up their claims, a paper published in 1957 and presented at a computing conference stated that scores on these tests had no correlation with performance reviews given. Many of these math aptitude tests needed little nuance or problem-solving ability within a certain context. As men were more likely to have learned these skills in school, they had an advantage, because women were already being guided away from STEM careers. This discrepancy in the scores was used as evidence that women couldn’t be programmers because they didn’t have the mathematical ability, rather than the recognition that they were being directed away from highly technical fields.

Personality profiles began to overtake the field of computer programming. They assessed soft skills. The crux? These skills were skewed toward the male profile.

Two psychologists highlighted the standard look and personality of computer programmers, noting that many who programmed computers possessed the “striking characteristic” of “their interest in people”. With this, companies began hiring antisocial people who were strong in mathematics. As women are strictly socialized to be warm, empathetic, social, and were being driven away from STEM fields, they met none of the criteria that were needed for these profiles and so the field became dominated by antisocial men who loved math.

Mentioned before, but this shift in genders boasted immense increases in both pay and prestige. This pattern is common is most fields, which will be noted below.



In the early 1800s, teaching was a male-dominated field. It was highly respected and well-paid. Men were expected to impart wisdom, knowledge, and discipline in their students.

gender pay gap coins stacked together with gender symbolsAs the middle of the century came, a high demand for teachers was needed, so women were taken from their dormant labor environment and employed as teachers. Women, unlike men, weren’t expected to impart wisdom, knowledge, and discipline, they were expected to shape their students’ moral development. They were not meant to be an authority or disciplinary figure, but a mother.

This prompted a shift of prestige in the field: less prestige and less pay.

Many thought, due to the emphasis on nurturing, that teaching was not a true career but an altruistic vocation, so required little wages. At least for women. Indeed, women were doing it out of the kindness of their hearts. To emphasize this, hiring female teachers became an excellent benefit to taxpayers as they could save more. This was evidenced by the bargains taxpayers received. In 1905, male teachers received double the pay of their female counterparts. Double!

By the 1900s, teaching had become female-dominated and poorly paid. Though, this did not extend to leadership roles. These positions were male-dominated and highly paid. Currently, 76 percent of teachers are women and they take home modest to low pay and little to no respect. It is, indeed, fascinating that teaching the future is considered to be a menial and effortless job.


        In conclusion, the gender gap has a long history that is continuously supported by a significant inverse relationship between gender segregation and equal pay. The larger the concentrations of one gender in a field, the larger the differences in men’s and women’s pay. This gap widens even further in higher-paid jobs. For instance, female doctors and surgeons make just 71 percent of what their male colleagues make. Though the work may be the same, the determination of prestige and pay is, in most cases, based on which gender dominates the field.