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If you’re a man over twenty-five, you might want to find an exercise you can keep up with as you get older. Let’s just say it’s easy as riding a bike.

Question: Why cycling?

Answer: Cycling is a non-impact sport. If you’re recovering from an injury or have joint or bone problems such as arthritis, non-impact exercises are perfect. These types of exercises do not involve running, which is very strenuous on the joints.

Because of its easiness on the joints, cycling is ideal for an older crowd. Cycling also involves sitting, which already can take some of the stress off your back and legs. These reasons prove why there are cyclists who are well into their senior years.

Question: What are the physical benefits of cycling?

Answer: While cycling and running are two different exercises, cycling can deliver the same physical benefits of running. It strengthens your lower body, specifically targeting your quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, and glutes. These muscles contract when you pedal. If you want to work on your lower body, cycling is a prime option.

Additionally, cycling greatly improves your cardiovascular health. Benefits of cardiovascular exercise include weight loss, stronger heart and lungs, decreased chance of heart disease and some types of cancer, and better sleep. Cycling helps get your heart pumping because you’re putting the largest muscles in your body at work. Finally, cycling can improve your endurance and speed, especially if you are riding long-distance.

Question: What are the mental benefits of cycling?

Answer: Not only will you reap physical benefits from cycling, but there are several ways cycling boosts your mental health. Any exercise releases endorphins, which trigger positive feelings. There has also been some research that suggests exercising regularly can help with stress, anxiety, and depression.

An obvious but overlooked perk to cycling is connecting with nature. Riding a bicycle offers a sense of freedom to explore the great outdoors. While pedaling by, you can look at beautiful trees and valleys while smelling the crisp, fresh air. There are also international biking tours, where you can ride to famous landmarks.

Cycling can increase confidence as well. Once you get the hang of it, you will start feeling more confident in your physical and mental capability. Setting small goals for yourself, even as small as biking around the block once, can promote confidence and a positive outlook once you accomplish them.

Question: I’ve heard cycling causes damage to the male sex organs. Is this true?

Answer: Scientists have tried to make a connection between cycling with a few men’s health problems, such as erectile dysfunction. However, new research suggests cycling causes absolutely no damage to the sexual or urinary functions of men. This new research used a larger sample size to get more accurate and factual results.

These past studies that suggest pressure from saddles can compromise blood flow or cause minor injuries (that could lead to more serious injuries) were not sufficient enough. The new study confirms that cycling only poses a small risk to men’s sexual and urological functions the risk to the sexual and urological function of male cyclists. According to one researcher, the cardiovascular benefits of cycling supports and may even improve sexual performance rather than hurt it.

Question: From races like Tour De France, isn’t cycling difficult, or only for those who compete?

Answer: Cycling isn’t only for the professionals. When watching such long and competitive races on television, it’s understandable to perceive cycling as a difficult sport. However those people train for months, even years, before embarking on a 2,200 mile ride. In reality, anybody can take up cycling as long as he or she has a bike and a desire to commit.

Like any sport, there are varying levels of difficulty. You can ride recreationally before working your way up to riding in long-distance races, if that’s what you wish. Once you get comfortable with riding on a flat road, you can challenge yourself by choosing a route with more hills, or even trying mountain biking.

Question: Great, cycling seems like my type of gig! How do I get started?

Answer: To begin your cycling journey, you should first visit a good bike shop near you. The workers can help select the right type of bicycle and make sure it fits you properly. An improper fit can cause discomfort and future injuries. Don’t shy away from asking any questions you have, such as how to take care of your bike, necessary equipment, etc.

Safety is the most important element of cycling. Helmets aren’t just for children. Always wear a helmet and other protective gear, such as elbow and knee pads, when riding. If you go out at night, wear bright colors or a reflective vest so cars can easily see you in the darkness. Another precaution to take during the evening is by installing a light between your handlebars or on your wheels.

Second, look for trails nearby. When you’re driving to work or walking your dog, keep your eyes peeled for any scenic routes. Official trails will have a sign and a map designating the path as a safe and public bike or walking trail. If you’re creating your own path, make sure it is safe, and is clear of any obstacles in the middle of the road.

Finding bike clubs to join may make you more motivated to ride. Any activity is easier and more fun with others. Soon enough, your fellow riders can become good friends. You can also enter races or rides for charity together as a team. Ways to find a bike club near you is to go online or ask around at the local bike shop, gym, or recreation center.

While any form of exercise comes with benefits, cycling is ideal for men over twenty-five. It is a sport you can practice at age thirty, sixty, and beyond. Whether you decide to cycle for fun or enter races, you will feel better about yourself physically and mentally. So strap on your helmet and go hit the trails!

Science has told us repeatedly that we do things, or eat/drink things, that make us hungrier. Do we ever listen? No. Why don’t we ever listen? We’re stubborn. Will we ever listen? Maybe after reading this article. Okay, I think you get the question/answer game by now.

Seriously, though. We need to start listening and understanding these things (for lack of a better, casual term). We need to put up our metaphorical fists of hunger and fight the urge to eat all the time. In order to do that, we must know how to stop it.

And I know you know what I’m here to do: Help you out! Follow my advice and you won’t be getting hungry for a snack every so often.

Stop drinking so much soda.

Ever heard of high-fructose corn syrup? Well, this lovely (or not-so-lovely, however you look at it) product is in drinks like soda, iced teas, and other beverages that are filled with sweetie goodness. Don’t underestimate this syrup though, as it can drastically lower your ability to have a full tummy (yes, I said tummy).

Anyways, consuming such syrup with high levels of fructose in it actually blocks our brains ability to respond to a hormone known as leptin. Leptin, also known as the hormone that tells us when we’re full, is therefore lessened in the body, creating a reverse affect; We aren’t full any longer when we consume the syrupy product!

Put that soda down; If you really like the carbonated beverage, grab yourself a seltzer water.

Stop eating foods that come out of a can.

A lot of food that comes out of a can generally contains the chemical known as bisphenol-A, or BPA. According to the FDA, consuming low levels of BPA is safe, but consuming high levels of BPA is not so safe; Therefore, exit canned foods, enter healthier foods.

In addition to soda and other sweetened beverages, canned foods also decrease the levels of leptin in your body. In other words, eating food that comes out of a can once again create a reverse affect, allowing you to be hungrier more often.

To put it in the simplest terms I can, I’ll just tell you to stop eating canned goods. Why? Because they’ll make you crave more and in turn promote weight gain.

Start eating a bigger breakfast.

Saying breakfast is the most important meal of the day is not a cliché, it’s actually the truth. And I can assure you that drinking one cup of coffee for your breakfast won’t do the trick.

Recent studies have actually shown that the less calories you eat in the morning, the hungrier you’ll be throughout the day. In fact, the study went as far as to say that those who ate meals worth 250 calories for breakfast gained almost double the amount of weight versus those that ate 500 calories for breakfast.

To scientifically back these results up, medical professionals claimed that eating a bigger breakfast actually stops your blood sugar from rising throughout the day, meaning you have less hunger cravings throughout the day.

Want a tip? Add some meat to your breakfast and you’ll be better off.

Eat more salad (if you eat salad).

Leafy greens that are often found in salads are high in the vitamin K. And, vitamin K helps regulate insulin, which in turn helps regulate cravings.

Want another tip? Eat approximately one cup of kale or spinach per day and you’ll be on your way to eating the right amount of salad to settle those cravings.

Drink more tea.

According to another medical study, tea helps out with hunger cravings. As a matter of fact, drinking one cup of black tea right after consuming a meal high in carbohydrates can actually decrease your blood sugar levels by approximately 10 percent. This means your tummy stays full for a longer period of time.

Drink more water.

Being dehydrated fuels your need for food, which obviously fuels your need for cravings. Allow me to explain to you in scientific terms: When you’re dehydrated, your hypothalamus, located in your brain, sends a signal to your body. Your hypothalamus is the center of control for your hunger and thirst levels, which in turn makes this whole process a tad confusing. Allow me to explain further.

The hypothalamus sends you mixed signals when you’re dehydrated. This, in turn, allows you to think that you’re really hungry, when you’re really not.

So, if you’re still hungry even though you just ate a really big meal, grab a glass of water. I’m pretty sure your craving will fade away in a few minutes.

You may be bored.

Believe it or not, being bored can seriously encourage your cravings, and can seriously lead to major weight gain. In fact, many people overeat when they’re bored.

Want yet another tip? Picture a nice, juicy steak right in front of you. If you really, really want that steak, go order it. If you don’t, you probably just need a distraction.

Stop drinking alcohol so much.

Everyone obviously knows that alcohol can really contribute to weight gain. However, alcohol does some other not-so-good things, too. For instance, alcohol feeds you calories while also feeding you no nutritional value. In addition, it can also convince you that you’re hungry, when in reality, you really aren’t.

Try not to stress out as much.

Stress eating is real, and it’s serious. Chances are, if you were really stressed out at work today, you’re probably going to go home and eat a lot. For example, when you’re stressed out, your brain is automatically triggered to release the hormone cortisol. Once that’s released, your body will start to crave delicious, sugary treats. It may even tempt you to go hand first into a bag of salty, crispy potato chips.

Tip? Try to reduce your anxiety and always carry healthy snacks on you instead of sugary or salty ones.

I hope you liked my advice as always!

 

By Jenny Lyn

When you diet, you probably know that you should increase your protein intake and decrease your carbohydrate intake, but some carbohydrates are actually extremely important for your health, especially the complex sugars that you get from fruits and vegetables. Although it is not generally thought of as a carb, fiber is actually a type of carbohydrate that you probably do not want to avoid and you need about 25 grams of it every single day. Fiber is famous for helping with digestive health and it can help with preventing many common chronic illnesses, so when you are looking for a healthy meal or snack, you definitely want to keep your fiber intake in mind. Here are some healthy foods that you want to pay extra attention to because they have high amounts of fiber.

Nuts Are Not Just Good For Their Protein Content

Most people choose to eat nuts because they are a crunchy snack that is high in protein. Peanuts and almonds are a good replacement for unhealthy snacks and toppings like potato chips and croutons. However, most people forget to consider that many different types of nuts have both fiber and protein. Almonds have a relatively high fiber content compared to other nuts, containing about as much fiber as it contains proteins. Almonds also have the added benefit of containing crucial minerals and vitamins including magnesium and vitamin E. Because of all the nutrients, almonds have been shown to help in preventing cardiovascular diseases, neurological decline, diabetes, obesity, cancer, inflammation, depression, and other mental health concerns. They are also good for your skin, blood sugar, digestive system, bones, and teeth. Chestnuts, pine nuts, pistachios, hazelnuts, pecans, macadamia nuts, peanuts, and Brazil nuts are also very good sources of fiber.

Use the Fiber Found In Fruits to Settle Your Sweet Tooth

When you have sugar cravings on a diet, you may turn to granola bars or even fiber bars because they sound healthier than common sugary snacks, but these bars are often candy bars in disguise. Sweet and tasty fruits are definitely a better way to deal with sugar cravings. Additionally, the fiber in foods like fruits is digested slowly, which prevents you from getting hungry later. Most fruits and berries have a pretty high fiber content, but some fruits have a higher concentration of it. Raspberries have about eight grams of fiber and they also have many antioxidants and vitamins. Eight grams is twice the amount of fiber found in an entire apple, but apples do have some fiber and they have many other healthy nutrients like antioxidants.

Avocados, which are known for being a good source of healthy types of fats that work to manage your cholesterol, are also a good source of healthy carbohydrates because they contain plenty of fiber. Avocados are gaining popularity in many diets from all the nutrients that they contain and because there are a lot of ways to eat avocado. It can be used as a spread, mixed into guacamole, added to your salad, and more. The fat in avocados can help you absorb the nutrients in other plants that you might eat for their fiber content.

Seeds Are a Versatile and Nutritious Source of Protein

Many types of seeds are popular in fad diets for their high antioxidants and protein content, but many of these seeds often contain plenty of fiber as well. Flaxseeds, for example, are a good source of fiber that you can use as a topping for your salad or yogurt. Likewise, chia seeds are a versatile food that are packed with about eight grams of fiber. You can put lentils in soups or salads and they contain about fifteen grams of fiber and about the same amount of protein.

If you are looking to increase your iron content, beans have a lot of iron and the fiber content in most beans is about equal to the fiber content in lentils. Soybeans, meanwhile, contain seventeen grams of fiber and are also a popular source of protein, especially for vegans and vegetarians because soy products like tofu are often used as a substitute for meat products. Of course, soy products can be healthy for meat eaters as well and anyone looking to increase their fiber intake should consider adding some soy products of their diet.

Always Remember To Eat Your Vegetables

Of course, every diet will require you to eat some vegetables because vegetables can be packed with proteins and other healthy nutrients. Many vegetables will also be a good source of fiber. Broccoli is a common staple in a healthy diet and it is associated with increasing your muscle mass. It is very popular from its protein content and because it is very low in calories, but it also contains about five grams of fiber and it is rich a few other important nutrients as well that help with the health of your digestive system and musculoskeletal system. They have many antioxidants to help prevent stress and inflammation, which can eventually cause diseases like cancer, obesity, impotence, infertility, diabetes, dementia, and more.

Meanwhile, sweet potatoes might be starchy, but that should not discourage you from adding sweet potatoes to your diet because they are a very common source of fiber and they also have many electrolytes and vitamins. In fact, some nutritionists say that, if you could only eat one food for the rest of your life, then you might want to choose to eat sweet potatoes. Therefore, while you might start avoiding regular potatoes from their starch content, you might not want to be so quick to dismiss sweet potatoes.

Fiber helps with your digestive system and a healthy digestive system is the first step in making sure that you have all the appropriate nutrients in your body. Without fiber, your digestive health can decline, which may result in many health concerns, so you should consider slowly adding some more fiber in your diet if you think you might not be getting enough. Luckily, many common diet foods have plenty of fiber.

 

Probiotics are great for your gut health, but should you be taking a probiotic supplement? Or should you be taking a different type of supplement? Ever since probiotics were deemed good for you, it seems as if they are found on every store shelf. To know if they are right for you, here are a few examples.

You Have Certain Conditions

If you have gastrointestinal problems, you can probably take a probiotic to help. Many times people with irritable bowel syndrome can benefit from probiotics. Probiotics can also help to treat some allergies, anxiety, and potentially obesity. Since probiotics are good for your gut health, some conditions can truly benefit from them.

You Are On Antibiotics

Antibiotics kill bacteria, and probiotics are gut healthy bacteria. Once these are gone, harmful pathogens can start to build up. A good thing about antibiotics is that while you are taking them you are not at risk, but once you stop taking them it takes a while for probiotics to build back up.

No, If You Are Healthy

Probiotics won’t hurt you, but you also do not need to add more if you do not have to. To have healthy levels of bacteria in your gut, just let your gut do its thing. It won’t harm you to eat fermented foods like yogurt or kimchi, which are high probiotics, but you do not need to take a supplement. Fermented food can have some serious health benefits for you, but you should not be focused on only the probiotics in the food.

If You Want Supplements…

If want to start taking supplements for your health, here are some of the best ones out there.

Multivitamins

Multivitamins can help with just about anything. They cover most of the basics that you need for your daily dose of vitamins and minerals. If you think you need to take supplements, start with multivitamins and play it safe. Make sure that you talk to your doctor before you start taking any new vitamins, but your doctor will most likely encourage you to take these.

Vitamin B and Vitamin D

Vitamin B and vitamin D can help if you are tired or feel out of sync. Vitamin D and B can help immune and bone health. Most cells have receptors for these vitamins, so they are good to take no matter what. If you are very active, these are great vitamins to help you feel good all the time.

Caffeine

Did you know that the most effective thing in your pre-workout supplement is caffeine? Especially before the gym, try caffeine. Caffeine is a good way to get your blood pumping before the gym. You should be drinking caffeine about one hour before you hit the gym. Do not overdo it with caffeine, as your heart can beat too fast while working out and potentially cause a heart attack. Caffeine in small amounts is very beneficial to you in the gym. You should be consuming only about 300 milligrams before you hit the gym.

Carbohydrate Supplements

When it comes to working out carb supplements are very beneficial to you. I would not suggest carb supplements if you are not an avid gym goer, but they can be beneficial if you burn a lot of carbs on a regular basis. Carb supplements can take the place of glucose polymers, which help your muscles after a workout or under stress. If you regularly have long workouts, carb supplements may be very beneficial to you. There are a lot of different brands and types of carb supplements out there. Make sure to do your homework before you go pick up carb supplements. You should be taking your carb supplements while you are working out, especially if your workout is going to last about an hour or more. There is no set amount, but talk to your doctor about how much of this supplement you should take.

Creatine

Creatine helps your body to create ATP, which can help with energy, especially when you are working out. Creatine is perfectly safe if you are taking it in the right amounts. For example, if the recommended dosage is only one pill, only take one pill. As a small warning, men who eat a lot of red meat tend to not react well to creatine supplements. This is because red meat already contains creatine, so your body is probably already getting enough creatine. You should only have about 5 grams of creatine a day and this really adds up if you are eating red meat and taking supplements.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Omega 3 fatty acids are good fats. They can help you out if you are feeling fatigued after a long workout. You can find omega 3 fatty acids naturally in fatty fish, like salmon, nuts, and many seeds. If you are very active, it is a good idea to add these fatty acids to your diet. They can help to reduce the soreness that you experience after a workout. They are very effective for endurance athletes, since they generally have long and demanding workouts. If you need more than what is naturally found in foods, you can take an omega 3 supplement. You should only be taking about 1,000 milligrams a day.

Magnesium

Magnesium is very helpful for your sleep patterns. Your sleep is essential to your health. If you are not getting enough sleep, your brain suffers and your body does too. Not only do you have memory loss and concentration problems, but your muscles will not have time to recover after a workout. The time that your muscles repair themselves the most is while you are sleeping. You need to make sure that you are getting enough sleep and magnesium supplements can help with this. You should be taking this about 30 minutes to an hour before bed.

Talk to your doctor before you add any new supplements to your diet. It is very important that you check with your doctor so that you do not have any ill side effects.

 

No matter what stage you are in life, it is important that you should be eating healthy foods daily. Healthy foods help your body to regenerate cells, tissues, and keep you strong. Even if you want to continue eating some less than healthy foods, you should still try to add some of these foods to your daily diet. If you want to have a healthy diet and lifestyle, there are a few foods that you should be eating daily.

Spinach

Spinach may not be your first choice, but it has some awesome vitamins and minerals in it. It is filled with plant based omega 3s and folate. Both of these nutrients can help to reduce heart disease, osteoporosis, and stroke. Folate can also help with your blood flow. This not only helps your cardiovascular health, but it can also help your sexual health. Since there is a better blood flow down there, you can be better protected against age-related diseases and issues. Spinach also contains lutein which can help your muscles stay strong. You can add this to your daily routine by making salads with spinach, with your breakfast, on pizza, or mix it with various sauces. You can also eat kale, bok choy, or romaine lettuce as easy substitutes.

Yogurt

bowls of creamy greek yogurt is good with ProgentraYogurt has many health benefits. Yogurt is filled with probiotics that help to reinforce your gut health. They can also help to boost your immune system and protect against various cancers. Make sure that the yogurt that you are buying has probiotics in it, it will say it on the label. For example, Greek yogurt is full of probiotics while Daminals, the children’s yogurt, is a little more questionable. You can eat yogurt as a snack and add different fresh fruits to it, nuts, seeds, or to sweeten it, honey. Yogurt is also a good base for salad dressings and dips. You can substitute yogurt with kefir or soy yogurt if you are dairy free.

Tomatoes

Tomatoes are packed with antioxidants, specifically lycopene. You can eat tomatoes fresh or canned, because lycopene is very easy for the body to absorb. Lycopene can help to risk your risk of various conditions and diseases. These can include, prostate, lung, stomach, bladder and skin cancers. It can also help to reduce your risk of artery disease. You can get what you need from tomatoes in processed foods like ketchup or spaghetti sauce. You can also get your tomato intake from tomato juices.

Carrots

No matter what the color, carrots are very good for you. Carrots are filled with carotenoids, which can help to reduce the risk of many cancers. Carotenoids can also help to reduce the risk of inflammatory condition. These conditions can include anything from asthma to rheumatoid arthritis. You should be eating about ½ a cup of carrots daily. You can eat them raw or you can get your carrot intake from carrot cake. You should probably not eat carrot cake daily though. You can also substitute sweet potatoes, butternut squash, pumpkin, mangoes, or yellow bell peppers.

Blueberries

Blueberries have a ton of antioxidants, making them very good for you. Blueberries have more antioxidants than other fruit that is grown in North America. They can help to prevent diabetes, memory changes, and cancers. Blueberries are also rich in fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, and can help your cardiovascular health. You can get your daily blueberry intake by eating them raw, frozen, dried, in jams, muffins, really anything as long as it has blue berries in it! You can substitute blueberries with acai berries, prunes, raisins, purple grapes, or strawberries.

Black Beans

spoonful of black beans from bowlBeans are good for your heart in general, but black beans are also good for your brain health. They are full of anthocyanins which can improve brain function. Not only are they good for your brain, they are also low in calories and have no saturated fat. You will also get a small amount of protein every time you eat black beans. You should be eating about ½ a cup of black beans daily if you want to improve your brain health and your heart health. You can substitute black beans with peas, lentils, and kidney, fava, pinto, and lima beans.

Walnuts

All nuts are good for you, but walnuts are especially good for you. They have more omega 3s than salmon. Walnuts have more anti-inflammatory properties than red wine. They also have half as much protein as chicken. The reason walnuts are here is because other nuts only have one or two of these factors instead of all three. You can sprinkle walnuts on top of salads, add chopped walnuts to pancake or waffle batter, mix grinded walnuts into olive oil to make a marinade, or put walnuts in your peanut butter. You can substitute walnuts with almonds, peanuts, macadamia nuts, hazelnuts, or pistachios.

Oats

Oats have soluble fibers, which means that your body has an easier time processing foods from these fibers. These fibers can also help to lower your risk of heart disease. Oats may have carbs, but they are a good counteractant to the fiber that they have. Oats also have a lot of protein in them. You can eat granola bars and get your daily oat intake. You can also sprinkle oats on top of yogurt, cereals, or salads. You can substitute oats with flaxseed, wild rice, or quinoa.

Before you begin adding new foods to your daily diet, you should have a conversation with your nutritionist about it. Your nutritionist will be able to help you determine how beneficial these foods will be to you. They will also be able to help you determine portion sizes of these foods and how often you should really be eating them. They may even have ideas of other foods to add to your diet that you may want to add to your diet more than the foods listed here.

 

        The computer programming field used to be female-dominated. From the ENIAC, the first digital computer to NASA to the first operating system, programmers were female. Grace Hopper said in the 1967 issue of Cosmopolitan that, “Women are ‘naturals’ at computer programming.”

        But, this fact was not realized. In the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s programming was not a glamorous position or paid well. Though it was just as demanding, intensive, and complex as it is now, actually more so, considering they were using languages like Assembly and COBOL, programming was a menial job relegated to women. Considered to be a clerical job, the real prestige and high pay were reserved for those who were allowed to build the hardware, i.e. the men, rather than for those who would build the software that ran on the computer. In the United Kingdom and the U.S., women were essentially banned from building hardware while the Soviet Union recognized women’s skills and employed them to construct the first computer in 1951. This digital behemoth was a great feat of many brilliant minds.

        With women dominating the field, programming was presumed to be nothing but a plug-and-play field where the plans were already drawn up and just needed a feminine touch to execute them. Systemic sexism led to the downplaying of women’s skills and their immense contribution to the computing world.

 

        But, this all changed in the late 1960’s when men entered the field. After skipping over this field, this “women’s work”, men realized just how much complexity was needed to program a computer. The sheer levels of highly complex analysis, testing, planning, research and debugging were now promising career options. Though the core of programming stayed the same, this influx of men transformed the field of computer programming into a prestigious, male-dominated, career path that was highly sought after. And with this prestige programming became a highly paid field that few women would be a part of. Rather than a clerical position, it became a field that needed high levels of mathematical ability. So, now, as of 2013, just a quarter of the computer programming field is female. Just a quarter. The tables have turned and most girls and women feel they don’t have “the brain” for programming. It is regarded as a field that needs systematic male brains. This limits the field because it has removed the inventors of computer programming.

        Though this article will focus on the field of computer programming, other fields have also swapped genders. The enduring pattern? When a field becomes male-dominated it gains prestige and a higher salary, but when it becomes female-dominated the prestige and salary lower.

        This is due to the devaluation of women and their contributions to society, at all levels of occupation, in most areas of the world.

 

HOW DID THE FEMALE-DOMINATED FIELD OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING TRANSFORM? WHERE WERE THE WOMEN PLACED?

At this time in history, 2018, computer programmers have a very distinctive look. Male, young, hoodies, highly paid, antisocial. But, where did this representation come from?

female programmer working while colleagues look onWhen Grace Hopper was interviewed by Cosmopolitan in 1967, the computer programming field was already leaning towards male domination. The 1950s and 1960s were filled with aptitude tests and personality profiles to help the selection process of job candidates. These tests greatly pushed the shift of the programming field from female to male domination. Most hiring managers believed these tests to be objective, but, in truth, they targeted certain stereotypical characteristics rather than the applicant’s suitability for the job. These characteristics were male-oriented so women did not fit the profile.

In addition, tests like the IBM PAT focused on mathematical ability, though leaders in the industry said these skills weren’t needed to succeed in modern programming. To back up their claims, a paper published in 1957 and presented at a computing conference stated that scores on these tests had no correlation with performance reviews given. Many of these math aptitude tests needed little nuance or problem-solving ability within a certain context. As men were more likely to have learned these skills in school, they had an advantage, because women were already being guided away from STEM careers. This discrepancy in the scores was used as evidence that women couldn’t be programmers because they didn’t have the mathematical ability, rather than the recognition that they were being directed away from highly technical fields.

Personality profiles began to overtake the field of computer programming. They assessed soft skills. The crux? These skills were skewed toward the male profile.

Two psychologists highlighted the standard look and personality of computer programmers, noting that many who programmed computers possessed the “striking characteristic” of “their interest in people”. With this, companies began hiring antisocial people who were strong in mathematics. As women are strictly socialized to be warm, empathetic, social, and were being driven away from STEM fields, they met none of the criteria that were needed for these profiles and so the field became dominated by antisocial men who loved math.

Mentioned before, but this shift in genders boasted immense increases in both pay and prestige. This pattern is common is most fields, which will be noted below.

 

TEACHING: FROM MALE TO FEMALE

In the early 1800s, teaching was a male-dominated field. It was highly respected and well-paid. Men were expected to impart wisdom, knowledge, and discipline in their students.

gender pay gap coins stacked together with gender symbolsAs the middle of the century came, a high demand for teachers was needed, so women were taken from their dormant labor environment and employed as teachers. Women, unlike men, weren’t expected to impart wisdom, knowledge, and discipline, they were expected to shape their students’ moral development. They were not meant to be an authority or disciplinary figure, but a mother.

This prompted a shift of prestige in the field: less prestige and less pay.

Many thought, due to the emphasis on nurturing, that teaching was not a true career but an altruistic vocation, so required little wages. At least for women. Indeed, women were doing it out of the kindness of their hearts. To emphasize this, hiring female teachers became an excellent benefit to taxpayers as they could save more. This was evidenced by the bargains taxpayers received. In 1905, male teachers received double the pay of their female counterparts. Double!

By the 1900s, teaching had become female-dominated and poorly paid. Though, this did not extend to leadership roles. These positions were male-dominated and highly paid. Currently, 76 percent of teachers are women and they take home modest to low pay and little to no respect. It is, indeed, fascinating that teaching the future is considered to be a menial and effortless job.

 

        In conclusion, the gender gap has a long history that is continuously supported by a significant inverse relationship between gender segregation and equal pay. The larger the concentrations of one gender in a field, the larger the differences in men’s and women’s pay. This gap widens even further in higher-paid jobs. For instance, female doctors and surgeons make just 71 percent of what their male colleagues make. Though the work may be the same, the determination of prestige and pay is, in most cases, based on which gender dominates the field.

 

No matter where you begin in life or your educational background most people would like a job that is high-paying. With a good education, getting a high-paying job is easier as you have the degree to go along with our skills, but even if you don’t have a degree, getting a high-paying job is more than possible if you have the experience and skills to do the job. Not only does a high-paying job cover your basic skills but it gives you extra funds to live in comfort, save for retirement, and enjoy recreational activities like cars and vacations. Here are some benefits and downfalls that are associated with landing that amazing high-paying job.

PROS:

SALARY

High-paying jobs have great salaries which gather people from all walks of life. For those with a high degree of education, this may make the loans, stress, and sheer effort of pursuing those years of study. They can then pay off their loans and fully utilize their degree. For those who did not go to college, they can now support their families and ensure the utmost comfort. If they are immigrants, they can send large amounts of money back to their country to support their family.

RESPECT

High-paying jobs come with an impressive title. Doctor, engineer, CEO, and lawyer are highly specialized fields that demand respect as soon as the person mentions their job. These positions are jobs that require many years of study and most people associate them with smart people who have high degrees of dedication. This gives the person respect from their family, friends, and others who know of them.

SECURITY

doctor with hundred dollar bills in pocket has high paying jobMost high-paying jobs require a high degree of skill so there is high job security once skills are mastered. Doctors, lawyers, CEOs, and engineers will always be needed and many people do not have these skills, so companies pay higher for top talent. This lack of other candidates boosts the respect, prestige, and salary of the select few who hold these credentials. Some high-paying jobs, for instance, in the tech industry, do not always require a degree if the person has the experience, skills, and passion to learn new technologies. For instance, some programmers have no degree but are masters of their craft and have a true love for programming. They can also make excellent salaries especially in tech metropolises like Silicon Valley, Seattle, and other cities.

SATISFACTION

High-paying jobs often challenge the mind of the person who has the job. After years of intense study and hard work, getting a high salary can be very satisfying. The person can fulfill any other dreams and responsibilities, which will increase internal happiness and those who depend on the person.

INCREASES IN THE ECONOMY

With a high-paying job, men and women can contribute more to the economy. As the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rises, this allows a higher standard of living for the country’s citizens.

GOOD HEALTHCARE AND EDUCATION

After basic needs like food, shelter, and clothing are met, then health care and education is needed. With a higher salary, you can get good health care and education that will prevent diseases and other ailments and increase your and your family’s quality of life should they get sick. In addition, life insurance and burial plots can all be taken care of when more money is had.

PLEASANT WORK ENVIRONMENT

High-paying jobs know they are working with those who are highly skilled, so the employees get an excellent working environment, which will prompt them to give their best. The job provides many opportunities for the employee to learn and develop new skill and knowledge areas.

CONS:

LATE CAREER START

After spending many years in school, studying, starting the career begins late. Over time, this leads to less earning potential even though the salary is higher.

LONG WORKING HOURS

office executive working long hours until nightAs the company has invested large sums of money in a highly paid employee, they expect to maximize that person’s potential so they can get an excellent return on their investment. Many assignments are so large they practically require the employee to work outside of working hours, thereby forcing the employee to work long hours. Sometimes, there are no defined work hours which opens the employee up to being overworked.

HIGH WORK PRESSURE

As the pay increases, pressure and expectation rise. You will be expected to comply with all needed directions and tasks or else. These jobs may involve strict deadlines, assignments, and high stress. This stress may spill over into other areas.

OUTSIDE TIME CONSUMED WITH WORK

High-paying jobs offer high-end equipment that includes laptops, phones, and tablets. Rather than being gifts for doing the job, these are often used to consume the time of employee’s outside life. With these devices constantly connected to the company’s network, the mind and effort of employees are tied to the job as deadlines loom and projects increase, so they get little downtime. This keeps the employee under intense pressure even when out of the office.

This gets in the way of familial relationships as work bleeds into the outside life and turns the human into a machine. Missed graduations, weddings, and other events stack up as the person remains glued to their work. This leads to great disharmony in the family and a lack of peace. The person has traded their life for money.

STRESS

There is intense stress related to high-paying jobs, especially those of surgeons and air traffic controllers, as there is zero margin for error. There are, literally, lives at stake. These jobs may lead to physical and mental illnesses that can incapacitate the employee.

While high-paying jobs have excellent salaries, they also have negatives associated with them. It’s important to factor in the whole picture when accepting a high-paying job. The salary, prestige, and challenge is important but so is your health and familial well-being.

Many men experience male pattern baldness when they get older and it is usually permanent, even if you take supplements that supposedly slow down the hair loss process. You can recognize the symptoms of male pattern baldness when your hair gets thinner and your hairline starts to recede. Male pattern baldness is usually hereditary and you cannot truly avoid it, but sometimes, you can start to lose your hair for reasons that has nothing to do with aging. Certain changes in your body can cause you to lose hair and you may sometimes even be able to prevent it or even reverse it.

Stress

It may be not surprise you that emotional stress can cause hair loss. People who are stressed find that they shed a lot more than they should. You might find hair in the shower drain, on your pillow, and clinging to your clothes. No one fully knows why stress results in hair loss, but it is hypothesized that hormones that are released during stressful situations can throw off your hair cycle. Normally your hair grows and then later shed. When it sheds faster than it grows, you can end up noticing signs of hair loss.

stressed man pulling at his hair and screamingEmotional stress is not the only type of stress that can cause hair loss. Physical stress can cause you to lose hair as well. If you got surgery or if you are recovering from an illness, your hair cycle can also be negatively impacted. You will notice that your hair often comes out very easily and all areas of your scalp will be impacted. It usually reverses on its own after a couple of months.

Vitamin A

Vitamin hair is important for maintaining healthy hair because it is plays a big role in keeping your scalp moist and strong. It enables you to shed hair that is unhealthy or too thin. Therefore, vitamin A is often actually in various hair supplements. However, with too much vitamin A, you will start to shed too much hair. If you are mixing vitamin A supplements with other hair health supplements like selenium or vitamin E, then the negative effects on your hair might be more pronounced. Once you lower your intake of vitamin A and other hair health supplements, your hair should start to grow back.

Protein Deficiency

If you do not have enough protein in your diet, then your body must shut down certain processes that require use of protein. Your body cannot shut down your ability to move and think, so it might shut down your ability to grow hair. Eventually, more crucial processes with shut down as well, so you should start finding more protein sources if you notice that you are losing your hair. Additionally, many protein sources often come with vitamin B12. If your diet excludes these protein sources, then you will be both B12 and protein deficient. Vitamin B12 is also important for hair growth, so vitamin B12 deficiency can exacerbate hair loss caused by protein deficiency.

Iron Deficiency

Iron increases the carrying capacity of your blood so that you are able to bring more oxygen into your body. Without iron, you will not have enough oxygen and you might end up deficient in some other nutrients as well. Normally, your extra oxygen can be used to thicken your hair. When you are iron deficient, you will have to save this oxygen for cellular respiration and metabolism. Therefore, if you are deficient in iron, then you might notice that your hair is getting thinner. Make sure you are getting enough iron in your diet. If you are vegan, vegetarian, or anemic, then you might want to consider talking to your doctor about trying out iron supplements. Vegans and vegetarians also have to be very careful about protein and B12 deficiency.

Hypothyroidism

Your thyroid gland releases hormones that are responsible for many processes that occur in your body. Many of these hormones are good for hair growth. Hypothyroidism is a condition that causes your thyroid to underperform. Without your thyroid producing the right type of hormones, you might start to lose some of your hair. It may also affect body hair. Hyperthyroidism can also cause you to lose hair. Hyperthyroidism is a condition where your thyroid is overactive. It may seem counterintuitive, but studies show that too many hair growth hormones can actually result in hair loss. You will need medication to treat any problems with your thyroid gland. After a while of taking the medication, you should see improvement.

Fungal Infection

man scratching arm with fungal infectionA couple of fungal infections can actually lead to some hair loss. One common culprit is athlete’s foot or ringworm, which is a type of fungus that usually causes a circular bald spot to appear on your head. Other similar fungal infections can have the same effect. Sometimes, a fungus will cause skin conditions that can make your scalp inflamed. An inflamed scalp is also sometimes responsible for temporary hair loss. You should also be careful of any skin condition that can make your hair flaky and oily. Luckily, while many fungal infections are very contagious, they are also easy to treat with antifungal medication. Certain shampoos can also help if you are dealing with an unhealthy scalp.

Weight Loss

Weight loss usually will not do anything to your hair. However, if you rapidly start to lose dramatic amounts of weight, then you might start to see some hair loss. This type of weight loss can cause physical stress, which is one way of negatively impacting your hair cycle. Weight loss is also often associated with diseases or nutrient deficiencies that can cause you to lose some hair. People with eating disorders are especially susceptible to this type of hair loss.

Usually, hair loss is part of the natural process of aging and it is nothing to be worried about. However, sometimes, hair loss can be associated with more serious health concerns. If you do not think that male pattern baldness is causing your hair loss, then you can talk to a doctor. You can always consult with a dermatologist about trying to prevent or manage your hair loss.

 

While it is sometimes true that certain fad diets can actually work, you should still be wary of them because many fad diets and cleanses become popular without any scientific evidence to back how effective these diets might be. In fact, sometimes, scientific evidence reveals these diets can actually cause you to gain weight. Other times, fad diets can cause a number of other unintended negative health consequences. Therefore, there are some fad diets that most healthcare professionals would tell you to avoid.

Crash Diets

Crash diets are methods of losing a relatively high amount of weight in a relatively short period of time by ensuring that your calorie intake is uncomfortably low. It usually requires you to spend about a week or two consuming nothing but juice, vegetable soup, chicken soup, citrus fruit, or leafy greens. These types of diets might be effective if you need to lose a certain amount of weight for a specific upcoming event. However, if you want long term results, crash diets are not going to help you at all. In fact, most of the research suggests that crash diets can do more harm than good.

Studies have demonstrated that rapid weight loss can actually inhibit your metabolism so that your short term weight loss turns into long term weight gain. Your risk of weight gain is additionally elevated by the fact that some crash diets can make you so hungry by the time you reach your goal that you overeat once your diet is over. Crash diets can also weaken your immune system, which puts you at a higher risk for many infectious diseases. Repeatedly crash dieting can be harmful to your heart by lowering the mass of your heart muscles and increasing your risk of a heart attack. It can also negatively impact your blood vessels, which can increase your risk of certain cardiovascular diseases.

Gluten Free Diets

Food with gluten are those that contain certain types of grain, including wheat, rye, and barley. Therefore, anyone who has decided to be gluten free is going to avoid these grains or any type of ingredient derived from these grains. This type of diet is really only for people gluten free diet flour and breadwho have certain gluten sensitivities or celiac disease. While eating all the fruits and vegetables that this diet allows is definitely going to be good for you, no shred of scientific evidence has been able to prove that gluten free diets are healthy for anyone who does not have gluten sensitivities or celiac disease. However, somehow, across the United States, the gluten free diet is wildly popular, even though it usually causes you to be deficient in many vitamins and nutrients that are found in grains. These nutrients include folic acid, vitamin B, and iron.

Additionally, foods that contain gluten substitutes tend to have a lot of sugar in it. Otherwise, many of these gluten free foods would not taste good. However, this abundance of sugar can lead to obesity and diabetes. Too much sugar has also been linked to diseases including dementia and cancer. People who are gluten free also tend to eat a lot of rice, which absorbs certain heavy metals in the ground. Therefore, people who are following gluten free diets have higher levels of mercury, lead, and, arsenic in their blood, which can toxic in high quantities.

Vegan and Vegetarian Diets

Vegan and vegetarian diets are popular for ethical reasons because the meat, fish, and dairy industries tend to be morally unsound. However, if your goal is to lose weight or to live a healthier lifestyle, then veganism and vegetarianism might not be the best choice for you. Admittedly, many types of vegan and vegetarian foods are incredibly healthy, including soy products, beans, nuts, fruits, and vegetables. However, vegans and vegetarians also have a higher likelihood of being deficient in key nutrients like vitamin B12, protein, and other ingredients usually found in animal products.

Vegans and vegetarians have to be incredibly creative about finding ways of maintaining a well-balanced diet. If you have the time and energy for this creativity, then you can try staying away from animal products because it can provide you with some health benefits, it can help you be more mindful of the food that you heat, and it might be compelling to boycott manufacturers that are mistreating animals and polluting the environment. However, if you do not have the time or energy to be creative about your diet, then you might want to stay away from vegan or vegetarian diets. Fruits and vegetables are good for you because they contain fibers and proteins, but you also need ingredients that are commonly found in animal products.

Paleogenic Diet

paleo diet food fad dietsThe paleo diet does allow you to avoid certain types of processed foods that can be bad for you. However, the science behind the paleo diet is rather unsound. It suggests the human digestive tract did not evolve you eat processed foods including grains, flour, legumes, and dairy. The reality is that, at some point in human history, the human digestive tract was unequipped for processed foods. However, since then, the human digestive tract has evolved and you can now digest grains, sugars, and dairy products. Avoiding these processed foods often leads you to be deficient in calcium and vitamin D.

Additionally, the diet tends to be very fatty and too much fat can be bad for your health. While it is beneficial to avoid certain processed foods, your body can definitely handle legumes and grains. In fact, most legumes are incredibly healthy for you. Whole grain foods are also recommended by many nutritionists. Therefore, the paleo diet is not necessarily going to help you live a healthier lifestyle. It may best to give up on processed sugars, but you do not have to give up on foods just because humans did not eat them thousands of years ago.

Any type of fad diet will help you to be mindful of the food that you are eating, which can be beneficial. However, if you want to see significant improvements in your health or weight, then certain fad diets are not going to help you. You can always talk to a healthcare professional if you have any questions about which type of diet is going to work best for you.

Health is a broad, far reaching, and because of that, strange topic, with many caveats and subsections that, when explored, make you realize things about this ultra-complex mechanism known as the human body you may never have realized otherwise. These things may not necessarily affect you in any way before or after knowing them, but still help you to understand and appreciate your body and your health more because you now know them. If you are a man over 25, you may think you know everything there is to know about your body. Well this article seeks to prove you wrong on that. The following are 6 miscellaneous facts about the human body you definitely didn’t know before reading this. There are more than enough facts out there, so this list doesn’t cover everything, but these 6 are almost guaranteed to be a surprise to you.

#1. “Old person smell” is real

Believe it or not, that smell everyone smells when they’re around a senior citizen is not your sense playing tricks on you. A recent study has found that people have a certain “smell” when they’re at certain stages of their lives. Older people, for example, have a milder, more pleasant scent than a middle aged person, and certainly more so than a younger man. These natural smells are then influenced, of course, by the particular person’s hygiene, daily life and environment etc. leading to the eponymous smell. Which is why, though you know old people smell when you smell it, it never smells the same from person to person.

#2. You physically cannot poop at night

man having difficulty pooping at nightUnless you have a physical condition making you have to evacuate your bowels in the middle of the night, under normal conditions, it is almost physically impossible to poop in the middle of the night. You can urinate, for sure, because there’s only so far your kidneys can stretch before evacuation must occur.

The human body can go about 6-8 hours sleeping before it has to go, which is why one of the first things we do in the morning is take a leak. However, excrement is pushed out via a highly sophisticated system of neurons in your gut that controls the contractions of your colon. And this system is heavily influenced by your body’s circadian rhythm, your “internal clock” that wakes you up in the morning and makes you sleepy at night. So, since your brain is telling your body to sleep at night, it thus tells the colon to hold it in for another 6-8 hours. Thus, if you try to poop at night, you’re going to have a bit of trouble.

#3. Fingerprints actually weaken our grip

It was widely believed up until a few years ago that fingerprints improve our grip on objects. However, recent studies have shown that may not be the case at all. After all, if it were true, then utterly flat surfaces like plexiglass would be simple to hold onto, when in reality it is not. In fact, if anything, the ridges formed by our fingerprints may actually weaken our rip because they reduce the contact area of the skin. Instead, fingerprints are theorized to help our fingers wick water off of our fingertips or help the skin on the fingers stretch when under intense stress, protecting it from damage.

#4. The growling in your stomach is your stomach begging for food

We’ve all been there, you’re in public, likely in some super important meeting or class that got you out of the house before you could any type of substantial breakfast. And sure enough, your stomach starts growling. All eyes turn, somehow knowing exactly who it was. You’re probably wondering what that is. Well, it turns out that yes, it is your stomach literally begging you to feed it. When your stomach “growls”, that means the digestive juices are churning around as the stomach muscles contract. This is the action taken by a stomach that needs food, and is thus preparing itself for food, getting the digestive juices flowing around for maximum effect and making sure the stomach muscles are ready to process the food that eventually comes. The solution to this is simple, eat smaller meals more often throughout the day.

#5. Your pits stink because of bacteria

man smelling his armpits with bad odorWe all sweat, all over our bodies in fact. So what is it about the sweat in our armpits that makes it so stinky? Sweat isn’t exactly the best smelling thing in the world, granted, but there’s something so uniquely disgusting about pit stink that is all its own. The answer is astoundingly simple: bacteria. The human body has two types of sweat glands. The glands on your arms, legs, and most other places release what’s essentially saltwater. The sweat in your armpits and groin, on the other hand, is made of a more oily substance, which the bacteria in those areas consume. The stink is released by the bacteria as they consume the oil.

#6. Osteoarthritis can predict bad weather

It’s not an exact science, but in 2007, a research team working at Tufts University ran a test where they measured the fall of temperature and how it related with osteoarthritic knee pain. They found that, for every ten degrees dropped, the pain increased by a small margin. Small, but noticeable. When a bad storm is approaching an area, the atmospheric pressure in that area drops, which causes body tissue to expand. Which, if you have pain in your joints, can cause serious swelling and pain. Not to say this makes the arthritic masters of predicting weather, but if you have arthritis, and you notice a sudden spike in pain for no discernable reason, it’s probably time to get inside.